Zurich Airport (Deutsch. Flughafen Zürich, Шаблон:Airport codes), also known as Zurich Kloten Airport, is the largest international airport of Switzerland and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines. It serves Zürich, Switzerland's largest city, and, with its surface transport links, much of the rest of the country. The airport is located Шаблон:Convert north of central Zürich, in the municipalities of Kloten, Rümlang, Oberglatt, Winkel and Opfikon, all of which are within the canton of Zürich.
The airport is owned by Flughafen Zürich AG, a company quoted on the SIX Swiss Exchange. Major shareholders include the canton of Zürich, with 33.33% of the shares, and the city of Zürich, with 5% of the shares. No other shareholder has a holding exceeding 5%. Skyguide is responsible for all Air Traffic Control for Zürich.
The first flight abroad from Switzerland was on July 21, 1921, but the search for a location for a major airport wasn’t started until 1943 inside the Canton of Zürich. The site in Zürich was chosen in 1945 by the federal government and sold 655 hectares of Kloten Ordnance Depot to the Canton of Zürich. Thus the Canton of Zürich had control of the airport. The construction of the airport began the next year.
The first flights off the west runway were not until 1948. The new terminal opened in 1953 with a large air show that ran for three days. In 1947 the airport handled 133638 passengers on 12766 airline flights; in 1952, 372832 passengers on 24728 airline flights.
The first expansion of the airport was submitted in 1956, but the budget for the expansion was not approved by the Swiss Government until 1958 and the expansion was completed in 1961.
The airport was again submitted and approved for renovation in 1970, and Terminal B was completed in 1971. The first signs of noise mitigation for the airport were in 1972, when a night-time curfew was enacted, as well as in 1974 when new approach routes were introduced. Runway 14/32 was opened in 1976, and 16/34 began renovation.
The noise of aircraft became an issue and a noise charge was instituted in 1980, and in 1984, an agreement was made regarding arrivals and departures to the airport via German airspace. The next largest event for the airport was in 1999, when the Parliament of the Canton of Zürich approved privatization of Zurich Airport. It was not until 2000, that Flughafen Zürich AG, trading under the brand Unique was appointed as the new airport operator. The brand Unique was dropped in favour of Zurich Airport and Flughafen Zürich in 2010.
The airport lost a lot of traffic when Swissair shut down its operations. Since Lufthansa took over its successor Swiss International Air Lines, traffic has started growing again.
A treaty was signed in 2001, regarding the limitation of flights over Germany. Negotiations have been under way since 2003 about the procedures and noise pollution over Germany and Switzerland.
In 2003, Zurich Airport completed a major expansion project in which it built a new parking garage, a new midfield terminal, and an automated underground train to link the midfield terminal to the main terminal. In November 2008, a complete renovation and rebuild of the old dock "B" structure was announced. The new dock "B" opened in November 2011, and provides segregated access to and from aircraft for Schengen and non-Schengen passengers. Zurich Airport handled 24.34 million passengers in 2011.
The airport has three airside piers, which are known as docks A, B and E. A central air-side building is directly linked to docks A and B, which take the form of finger piers. Dock E, as the midfield terminal is now known, is connected to the central air-side building by an automated underground train, known as the Skymetro. Dock A is exclusively used by flights to and from the Schengen Area, whilst dock E is exclusively used by flights outside the Schengen Area. Dock B can be used by all flights.
The ground-side terminal complex comprises several buildings, and includes several airline check-in areas, a shopping mall, a railway station, car parks, and a bus and tram terminal. Departing passengers access the departure level of the central air-side building, which includes duty-free shopping and various bars and restaurants, via airport security. Passengers are segregated between Schengen and non-Schengen areas on the way to the respective docks, with non-Schengen passengers passing through emigration controls.
Schengen and non-Schengen arriving passengers are handled in separate areas of the central airside building, with non-Schengen passengers passing through immigration controls to reach the ground-side terminal complex.
Zurich Airport has three runways: 16/34 of Шаблон:Convert in length, 14/32 of Шаблон:Convert in length, and 10/28 of Шаблон:Convert in length. For most of the day and in most conditions, runway 14 is used for landings and runways 16 and 28 are used for take-offs, although different patterns are used early morning and in the evenings.
|1||Шаблон:Flagicon London (Heathrow, Gatwick, City, Luton)||1,637,500||Swiss, British Airways, easyJet|
|2||Шаблон:Flagicon Vienna||859,800||Swiss, Austrian Airlines, Niki|
|3||Шаблон:Flagicon Berlin||853,000||Swiss, Air Berlin|
|4||Шаблон:Flagicon Paris||716,700||Swiss, Air France|
|5||Шаблон:Flagicon Düsseldorf||700,000||Swiss, Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|6||Шаблон:Flagicon Amsterdam||663,300||Swiss, KLM|
|7||Шаблон:Flagicon Frankfurt||626,800||Swiss, Lufthansa|
|8||Шаблон:Flagicon Hamburg||612,100||Swiss, Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|9||Шаблон:Flagicon New York, (Newark Airport, JFK Airport)||586,100||Swiss, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, United Airlines|
|10||Шаблон:Flagicon Barcelona||520,200||Swiss, Vueling|
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|Updated: 5 October 2013|
Swiss International Air Lines has an office on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten, consisting of the Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie buildings. Swiss World Cargo has its head office in the Alpha and Bravo buildings. Swiss Private Aviation has its head office in the Swiss complex. Swiss European Air Lines and Swiss AviationTraining, subsidiaries of Swiss, are also headquartered on the airport property.
Edelweiss Air has its head office in the Edelweiss Air Operations Center (OTC) on the airport grounds. gategroup has its head office on the airport property. Helvetic Airways has its head office on the grounds of the airport in Kloten. The corporate offices for Swissôtel are located in the Prioria Business Center on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten.
When Swissair existed, its head office was at Zurich Airport and in Kloten. The head office was in proximity to the main airport facilities. In 1985 Crossair was headquartered in Kloten.
The airport is served by the A51 motorway and other main roads, which provide access to the airport especially for the central and eastern Switzerland.
Zurich Airport railway station is located underneath the terminal. The station has frequent Zürich S-Bahn services on lines S2 and S16, plus direct InterRegio, InterCity and Eurocity services to Basel, Bern, Biel/Bienne, Brig, Geneva, Konstanz, Lausanne, Lucerne, Munich, Neuchâtel, Romanshorn, St. Gallen and Winterthur. There are some 10 trains per hour to Zürich Hauptbahnhof, Zürich's main city centre station, with a journey time of between 10 and 15 minutes. By changing trains at Hauptbahnhof, most other places in Switzerland can be reached in a few hours.
In front of the terminal is a regional bus station and the airport stop of the Stadtbahn Glattal, a light rail system. Both bus station and light rail stop provide service to destinations throughout the Glattal region that surrounds the airport, with the light rail stop being served by Zürich tram routes 10 and 12.