The square is named after the three theatres situated there — Bolshoi Theatre, Maly Theatre, and Russian Youth Theatre. The square is served by the Teatralnaya Moscow metro station on the Zamoskvoretskaya Line, Okhotniy Ryad on the Sokolnicheskaya Line and Ploshchad Revolyutsii on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line.
The square emerged after the Fire of 1812 and conversion of the Neglinnaya River into an underground channel; the river still flows diagonally around the square green. It was designed in a symmetrical neoclassical style by Joseph Bove (1820s), however, in the second hald of the 19th century the ensemble was ruined by new additions in eclectic style, considerably taller than the original side buildings. The square also contains the neo-gothic TsUM (ЦУМ), a luxury department store.
It was during a meeting in Sverdlov Square 5 May 1920, that an iconic picture of Lenin was taken.
- Moscow Encyclopaedia. Bolshaya Rossiiskaya Entsikolpediya, 1997. Article "Teatralnaya ploshchad".