Military memorials and cemeteries in Berlin

Soviet War Memorial (Tiergarten)

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The Soviet War Memorial (Tiergarten) is one of several war memorials in Berlin, capital city of Germany, erected by the Soviet Union to commemorate its war dead, particularly the 80,000 soldiers of the Soviet Armed Forces who died during the Battle of Berlin in April and May 1945.

The memorial is located in the Tiergarten, a large public park to the west of the city centre, on the north side of the Strasse des 17 Juni (June 17th Street), the major east-west thoroughfare running from the Brandenburg Gate to the Siegessäule (Victory Column).

History

This memorial was erected in 1945, within a few months of the capture of the city. Early photographs show the memorial standing in a wilderness of ruins, the Tiergarten having been destroyed by incendiary bombs and then stripped of timber for firewood during the last months of the war. Today, it is surrounded by the extensive woodlands of the reconstituted Tiergarten. Although the memorial stood in the British sector of Berlin, its construction was supported by all the Allied powers. Throughout the Cold War, Soviet Guards were present at the memorial, sent out and changed regularly by Soviet occupying forces troops in the Soviet sector.

Design

The memorial, built from stonework taken from the destroyed Reich Chancellery, takes the form of a curved stoa topped by a large statue of a Soviet soldier. It is set in landscaped gardens and flanked by two Red Army ML-20 152mm gun-howitzer artillery pieces and two T-34 tanks. Behind the memorial is an outdoor museum showing photographs of the memorial's construction and giving a guide to other memorials in the Berlin area. A large Cyrillic inscription is written underneath the soldier statue, which is translated as "Eternal glory to the heroes who fell in battle with the German fascist occupiers for the freedom and independence of the Soviet Union". The Soviets built the statue with the soldier's arm in a position to symbolize the Red Army's putting down of the German National Socialist state.

The memorial was designed by architect Mikhail Gorvits with the monument of the Soviet soldier by sculptors Vladimir Tsigal and Lev Kerbel.

The memorial today

The memorial is still a site of active commemoration. On the anniversary of VE Day, (8 May), wreath-laying ceremonies are held at the memorial. It is a site of pilgrimage for war veterans from the countries of the former Soviet Union. It is also a popular tourist attraction, since it is much closer to the centre of the city than the larger Soviet war memorial at Treptower Park. The memorial is maintained by the City of Berlin.

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Michael Holdsworth
9 April 2018
Wonderful architecture. Give the Soviets their due, when they built something they did it properly.
Davin Chua
10 November 2013
It's just near the Brandenburg Tor, so might just walk over to have a visit
Ieva G
31 December 2014
Make sure to visit the memorial in Treptower Park as well if you liked this
Mikhail M
20 June 2018
Обязательно к посещению. Вечная память????
Andreas Mozer
7 August 2015
Sehr beeindruckendes Bauwerk mit zwei echten Panzern und einer Haubitze.
Vicente Martinez
28 November 2018
En el corazón de Tiergarten,apenas a un minuto de la Puerta de Brandeburgo.Es un monumento de alta carga simbólica,que rinde homenaje a los soldados soviéticos que perecieron en la batalla de Berlín
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Location
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Address

Straße des 17. Juni 4, 10557 Berlin, Germany

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Open hours
Mon 11:00 AM–8:00 PM
Tue 11:00 AM–7:00 PM
Wed 11:00 AM–8:00 PM
Thu 11:00 AM–7:00 PM
Fri 11:00 AM–8:00 PM
Sat 10:00 AM–8:00 PM
References

Soviet War Memorial Tiergarten on Foursquare

Soviet War Memorial (Tiergarten) on Facebook

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