San Jacinto Monument

The San Jacinto Monument is a Шаблон:Convert<ref group="note">Measured in 1991 from its footing to the top of its beacon. The footing is Шаблон:Convert below the top of the roadway pavement and the top of the beacon is Шаблон:Convert above the top of the star.</ref> high column located on the Houston Ship Channel in unincorporated Harris County, Texas, United States, near the city of La Porte. The monument is topped with a 220-ton star that commemorates the site of the Battle of San Jacinto, the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. The monument, constructed between 1936 and 1939 and dedicated on April 21, 1939, is the world's tallest monumental column and is part of the San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site. By comparison, the Washington Monument is Шаблон:Convert tall. The column is an octagonal shaft faced with Texas Cordova shellstone, topped with a Шаблон:Convert Lone Star – the symbol of Texas. Visitors can take an elevator to the monument's observation deck for a view of Houston and the Battleship Texas (see Шаблон:USS).

The San Jacinto Museum of History is located inside the base of the monument, and focuses on the history of the Battle of San Jacinto and Texas culture and heritage.

The San Jacinto Battlefield, of which the monument is a part, was designated a National Historic Landmark on December 19, 1960, and is therefore also automatically listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was designated a Historic Civil Engineering Landmark in 1992.

History

In 1856, the Texas Veteran's Association began lobbying the state legislature to create a memorial to the men who died during the Texas Revolution. The legislature made no efforts to commemorate the final battle of the revolution until the 1890s, when funds were finally appropriated to purchase the land where the Battle of San Jacinto took place. After a careful survey to determine the boundaries of the original battle site, land was purchased for a new state park east of Houston in 1897. This became San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site.

The Daughters of the Republic of Texas began pressuring the legislature to provide an official monument at the site of the Battle of San Jacinto. The chairman of the Texas Centennial Celebrations, Jesse H. Jones, provided an idea for a monument to memorialize all Texans who served during the Texas Revolution. Architect Alfred C. Finn provided the final design, in conjunction with engineer Robert J. Cummins. In March 1936, as part of the Texas Centennial Celebration, ground was broken for the San Jacinto Monument. The project took three years to complete and cost $1.5 million. The funds were provided by both the Texas legislature and the United States Congress.

From its opening, the monument has been run by the nonprofit association, the San Jacinto Museum of History Association. In 1966, the monument was placed under the control of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. The Parks Department allows the history association to continue its oversight of the monument.

The monument was renovated in 1983. In 1990, the base of the monument was redone to contain the San Jacinto Museum of History and the Jesse H. Jones Theatre for Texas Studies. The exterior of the monument underwent a further renovation in 1995, and the entire structure was renovated from 2004 through 2006.

Description

The San Jacinto monument is an octagonal column. It was constructed by W.S. Bellows Construction and was primarily constructed of reinforced concrete, and its exterior faced with Texas limestone from a quarry near the Texas State Capitol. It stands Шаблон:Convert tall and is the tallest monument column in the world. It is Шаблон:Convert taller than the next tallest, the Juche Tower in North Korea.

The base of the monument contains a Шаблон:Convert museum and a 160-seat theater. The base is decorated with eight engraved panels depicting the history of Texas. The bronze doors which allow entry into the museum show the six flags of Texas. At the point where the shaft rises from the base, it is only Шаблон:Convert square (Шаблон:Convert). The shaft narrows to only Шаблон:Convert square (Шаблон:Convert) at the observation deck. At the top of the monument is a 220-ton, Шаблон:Convert high star, representing the Lone Star of Texas. A Шаблон:Nowrap by Шаблон:Nowrap Шаблон:Nowrap by Шаблон:Nowrap reflecting pool shows the entire shaft.

As of 2006, approximately 250,000 people visited the monument each year, including 40,000 children on school trips.

Inscription

An inscription on the monument tells the story of the birth of Texas:

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Gallery

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See also

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  • San Jacinto Day

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Notes

References

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External links

Listed in the following categories:
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Tips & Hints
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Jason Chick
17 April 2015
Definitely pay the small fee and ride to the top - the view is worth it.
James Smith
13 August 2014
That's a tall monument. Plus you need to take the elevator ride to the top, it has a great view from the top of the Monument.
Zachary Rand
2 June 2015
Scenic view. Good for a quick visit. The grounds seem to be getting a bit run down, especially near the reflecting pool.
Vlad Davidiuk
13 June 2016
The most majestic monument in all of America.
Richard Marron Jr.
19 January 2014
A nice place to get away from all the hustle and bustle of smoggy industrial refineries and oil plants.
Sam Thomas
25 March 2016
It's Texas History. Well worth the combo pack, and tour the Battleship Texas, too.
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Map
0.1km from Monument Circle, La Porte, TX 77571, USA Get directions
Mon 8:00 AM–5:00 PM
Tue 7:00 AM–3:00 PM
Wed 8:00 AM–6:00 PM
Thu 9:00 AM–4:00 PM
Fri 11:00 AM–5:00 PM
Sat 9:00 AM–6:00 PM

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