Rumkale

Rumkale was a powerful fortress on the river Euphrates, 50 km west of Şanlıurfa. It is called Hromkla or Kela zêrîn in Kurdish, Qal'ah Rumita in Syriac, قلعة الروم Qal'at al-Rum in Arabic, Rumkale in Turkish, Հռոմկլա (Hromkla) in Armenian; the name means "Roman Castle (by extension also Byzantine)" in all cases.

Its strategic location was already known to the Assyrians, although the present structure is largely Hellenistic and Roman in origin. The site was occupied by various Byzantine and Armenian warlords during the Middle Ages. During the 12th c, it also became the seat of an Armenian bishop. In 1179, a synod took place in Rumkale, attempting a compromise between the Greeks and the Armenians. From 1203 to 1293, it served as the residence of the Catholicos of the Armenian Church. In 1293 it was captured by the Mamluks of Egypt following a protracted siege who then named it Qal'at al-Muslimin.

The fortress, now situated across a peninsula created by the reservoir of Birecik Dam and within the administrative boundaries of Şanlıurfa's Halfeti district, is currently accessible by boat either from the neighboring site of Zeugma or from the town of Halfeti. As of March 2017, it was not possible to land at the site; extensive (re)building is under way inside the fortress and on the external walls.[] Much of the surrounding work of the fortress, along with local villages and farmland, has been flooded; it is not clear how much of the entrance way up from the western side remains undamaged by the rising waters.[]

References

  • Reuven Amitai-Preiss (1995), Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Īlkhānid War, 1260-1281, pp. 179–225. Cambridge University Press, <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css" />ISBN .
  • Angus Stewart (2006), 'Hromgla', in Alan V. Murray (ed.), "The Crusades: An Encyclopaedia", II, p. 607. ABC-CLIO, Inc., <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css" />ISBN .
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MLTMSLMZ ✈????
11 August 2014
Gizli saklı kalmış ülkemin zenginliklerinden yine çöplük olmaya yüz tutmuş yinede görülmesi gereken bir yer . O güzelim su, atıklarla mahvolmadan tarihi doku zarar görmeden bişeyler yapılmalı !
Firat Gedikli
22 May 2016
Kesinlikle eşsiz bir doğa. Halfetiyi de görmek için tekne turu tavsiye edilir (20TL/kişi), ev yapımı gözleme öğün geçiştirmek için ideal..
Ali.ÖzDmiR????
5 June 2015
Gezi ve eğlence yönünden mükemmel bi yer özellikle Yazgan turizm Mustfa abi bize hazırladığı o masa ile çok güzel vakitler geçirdik
Mira ????
2 October 2019
Şehir merkezine 1 buçuk saat uzaklıkta. Araçla veya turlarla gelebiliyorsunuz. Tekne turu ile Halfetiye gidiyor dönüyorsunuz. Tekne turunda kişi başı 25-30 lira istiyorlar. Kesinlikle gidin görün????????
Onur Onur
30 September 2018
Komagene Krallığından bugüne birçok medeniyete ev sahipliği yapmış tarihi bir mekan. Halfetide şabut balığını yemeyi unutmayın.????
İlhan Demir
19 October 2017
Gaziantep’e gelince görülmesi gereken tarihi bir yer. Lakin bakıma ihtiyaç var. Tarihini anlatabilecek daha bilinçli insanlar şart. Tekne turunada katılmalısınız.
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4.3km from Kamışlı, 27700 Nizip/Gaziantep, Turkey Get directions
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Wed 10:00 AM–4:00 PM
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