Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden

The Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden or Jardim Botânico is located at the Jardim Botânico district in the South Zone of Rio de Janeiro.

The Botanical Garden shows the diversity of Brazilian and foreign flora. There are around 6,500 species (some endangered) distributed throughout an area of 54 hectares, and there are numerous greenhouses. The garden also houses monuments of historical, artistic and archaeological significance. There is an important research center, which includes the most complete library in the country specializing in botany with over 32,000 volumes.

It was founded in 1808 by King John VI of Portugal. Originally intended for the acclimatisation of spices like nutmeg, pepper and cinnamon imported from the West Indies, the garden was opened to the public in 1822, and is now open during daylight hours every day except 25 December and 1 January.

The 140-hectare park lies at the foot of the Corcovado Mountain, far below the right arm of the statue of Christ the Redeemer and contains more than 6,000 different species of tropical and subtropical plants and trees, including 900 varieties of palm trees. A 750 m line of 134 palms forms the Avenue of Royal Palms leading from the entrance into the gardens. These palms all descended from a single tree, the Palma Mater, long since destroyed by lightning. Only about 40% of the park is cultivated, the remainder being Atlantic Forest rising up the slopes of Corcovado. The park is protected by the Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional and was designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1992.

The Botanical Garden has an important research institute, which develops a wide range of botanical studies in Brazil. The institute has taxonomists who specialize in the identification and conservation of the neotropical flora.

The gardens house collections that include bromeliads, orchids, carnivorous plants, and cacti. These include Brazil’s largest botanical library and collections of dried fruits, rare Brazilian plants, and many photographs. The painted cast-iron Fountain of the Muses was made in Derby, UK, and until 1895 was sited at Henrique Lage's villa at Largo da Lapa, as part of the landscaping by the English painter John Tydall.

The park contains 140 species of birds, many of which have become accustomed to humans and are consequently much easier to observe than in the wild. These include the channel-billed toucan, rusty-margined guan, slaty-breasted wood rail and the endangered endemic white-necked hawk. Capuchin monkeys and tufted-eared marmosets are also frequently seen in the Botanical Gardens.

Features of interest include an old gunpowder factory, the Victoria lilies in the Lago Frei Leandro pond, the Japanese Garden, and many sculptures and fountains.

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AFAR Media
25 September 2014
Barbosa Rodrigues’ Alley, one of the park's most well-known avenues, runs for about 700 meters with about 137 royal palms, all of which are descended from a single tree destroyed by lightning in 1972.
AFAR Media
27 February 2015
A sprawling tropical oasis from the streets and skyscrapers of the city, the garden features portions of intact Atlantic Rainforest, ponds and fountains, orchids and even a Japanese garden.
Colleen Budge
23 June 2014
Take a few hours to stroll in the gardens - an area for all moods and lots of seating. Great place to sit and read or just breathe x
Anna Zhdanova
1 February 2015
Well operated and nicely arranged garden. Very green and attractive. Take some water and snacks with you, it's difficult to buy inside. Afternoon hours are the most fit for your visit
Ryan Leggett
13 April 2018
Phenomenal botanical garden. Don’t miss the orchid and bromeliad houses, and be on the lookout for tiny monkeys in the trees! ???? ???? ????
Fred Weissmann
12 January 2014
Great place to visit! It takes at least 2 hours to take a walk around! I suggest to stop at La Bicyclete for breakfast or lunch, nice café!
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Marcelo Reis, Fernando R  and 397,532 more people have been here
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Unnamed Road - Jardim Botânico, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, 22470-051, Brazil Get directions
Mon-Sun 8:00 AM–5:00 PM

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