Pyramid of the Moon

The Pyramid of the Moon is the second largest building in Teotihuacan after the Pyramid of the Sun. The Pyramid of the Moon is located in the northern part of Teotihuacan and it mimics the contours of Cerro Gordo. Some have called it Tenan which in Nahuatl means "mother or protective stone." The Pyramid of the Moon covers a structure older than the Pyramid of the Sun which existed prior to 200 A. D.

The Pyramid's construction between 200 and 450 A.D. completed the bilateral symmetry of the temple complex. A slope in front of the staircase gives access to the Avenue of the Dead, a platform atop the pyramid was used to conduct ceremonies in honor of Chalchiuhtlicue, the goddess of water and of the moon. This platform and the sculpture found at the pyramid's bottom are thus dedicated to Chalchiuhtlicue.

Opposite Chalchiuhtlicue's altar is the Plaza of the Moon. The Plaza contains a central altar and an original construction with internal divisions, consisting of four rectangular and diagonal bodies that formed what is known as the "Teotihuacan Cross."

History

Between 100 and 500 A.D, an ancient people built a flourishing metropolis called Teotihuacan on a plateau about Шаблон:Convert from present-day Mexico City. With its accurately aligned avenues and a huge plaza surrounded by 15 monumental pyramids. Teotihuacan was built 700 years before the Aztecs began constructing their capital city of Tenochtitlan.

It was said by the Aztecs to have been sumounted by a huge stone figure related to the moon but this figure was uncovered (weighing 22 tonnes and was somehow lifted to the top of the pyramid) and it is thought more likely that it represents a water deity.

Recently, archaeologists have excavated beneath the Pyramid of the Moon. The archaeologists are looking for clues to the history of this mysterious culture. Tunnels dug into the structure have revealed that the Teotihuacan’s citizens did not remain pleased with their architectural feats for very long. Over a period of several hundred years, the pyramid underwent at least six facelifts and each new addition was larger and covered the previous structure.

As the archeologists burrowed through the layers of the pyramid, they discovered artifacts that provide the beginning of a timeline to the history of Teotihuacan. The latest find, made by a team led by Saburo Sugiyama, associate professor at Aichi Prefectural University in Japan and adjunct faculty at Arizona State University, and Ruben Cabrera of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History, is a tomb apparently made to dedicate the fifth phase of construction. It contains four human skeletons, animal bones, jewelry, obsidian blades, and a wide variety of other offerings. Archeologists estimated that the burial occurred between 100 and 200 A.D.

Another tomb dedicated to Chalchiutlicue was discovered a year ago. It is dated to the fourth stage of construction. It contained a single human male sacrificial victim as well as a wolf, jaguar, puma, serpent, bird skeletons, and more than 400 other relics which include a large greenstone and obsidian figurines, ceremonial knives, and spear points.

See also

  • List of megalithic sites
  • List of Mesoamerican pyramids
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jansen c
20 October 2016
Steep climb and they only allow you to go halfway. Do this before the pyramid of the sun as a warm up, the view was amazing
Patrick Leung
2 August 2013
My guide informed me that because of its increased elevation this pyramid's top is at the same height as that of the larger Pirámide del Sol! There are great panoramic views of the Avenue of the Dead.
Marco Ortiz
24 January 2016
You should climb The Piramide del sol first which is harder than this one.
Cassandra León
6 September 2015
Es tan hermosa la zona arqueológica de Teotihuacán tan llena de historia, me encanta ir a llenarme de energía
Gisela Rojas Prz ♡
12 February 2019
Mientras caminas hacia esta pirámide puedes notar como desaparece el cerro a sus espaldas, de manera que al llegar a la pirámide el cerro se pierde por completo. La arquitectura es impresionante ????
Fabiano Trindade
30 January 2019
Segunda maior pirâmide, mas a que tem uma vista das mais bonitas pela posição frente a avenida dos mortos.
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Map
Tuxpan 7, San Martin Centro, 55850 San Martin de Las Pirámides, Méx., Mexico Get directions
Mon-Sun 8:00 AM–5:00 PM

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