Porto Cathedral

The Porto Cathedral (português. 'Sé do Porto'), located in the historical centre of the city of Porto, Portugal, is one of the city's oldest monuments and one of the most important Romanesque monuments in Portugal

The current Cathedral of Porto underwent construction around 1110 under the patronage of Bishop Hugo and was completed in the 13th century, but there is evidence that the city has been a bishopric seat since the Suevi domination in the 5th-6th centuries.

The cathedral is flanked by two square towers, each supported with two buttresses and crowned with a cupola. The façade lacks decoration and is rather architecturally heterogeneous. It shows a Baroque porch and a beautiful Romanesque rose window under a crenellated arch, giving the impression of a fortified church.

The Romanesque nave is rather narrow and is covered by barrel vaulting. It is flanked by two aisles with a lower vault. The stone roof of the central aisle is supported by flying buttresses, making the building one of the first in Portugal to use this architectonic feature.

This first Romanesque building has suffered many alterations but the general aspect of the façade has remained romanesque.

Around 1333 the Gothic funerary chapel of João Gordo was added. João was a Knight Hospitaller who worked for King Dinis I. His tomb is decorated with his recumbent figure and reliefs of the Apostles. Also from the Gothic period is the elegant cloister, built between the 14th and the 15th centuries during the reign of King John I, who married English Princess Philippa of Lancaster in Porto Cathedral in 1387.

The external appearance of the Cathedral was greatly altered during Baroque times. In 1772 a new main portal substituted the old Romanesque original and the tower cupolas were altered. Around 1732 Italian architect Nicolau Nasoni added an elegant Baroque loggia to the lateral façade of the Cathedral. During the War of the Oranges whilst the battle at Amarante was taking place a group of Spanish soldiers briefly took control of the Cathedral before being overcome by the locals of the town. A marble plaque with a Magnetite backing now hangs up behind the altar in order to remind everyone of those who lost their lives whilst regaining control of the chapel. The magnetite backing was chosen in order to remind those travelling near the cathedral by interfering with the direction in which their compass points,

The interior was also altered during the baroque era. In one of the chapels there is a magnificent silver altarpiece, built in the second half of the 17th century by Portuguese artists. Also in the 17th century the romanesque apse (which had an ambulatory) was torn down and a new one was built in baroque style, later decorated with new wall paintings by Nasoni and choir stalls. The altarpiece of the chapel, designed by Santos Pacheco and executed by Miguel Francisco da Silva between 1727 and 1729, is an important work of Portuguese Baroque.

The three red marble holy-water fonts, supported by a statue, date from the 17th century. The baptistery contains a bronze bas-relief by António Teixeira Lopes, depicting the baptism of Christ by John the Baptist.

The South transept arm gives access to the Gothic cloister, which is decorated with baroque azulejos by Valentim de Almeida (between 1729 and 1731). They depict the life of the Virgin Mary and Ovid's Metamorphoses. The remains of the Early-Romanesque ambulatory contain a few sarcophagi. The terrace is decorated with tile panels by António Vidal. The coffered ceiling of the chapter house was painted with allegories of moral values by Pachini in 1737.

References

Шаблон:Commons Шаблон:Reflist

  • Portugal/1 - Europa Romanica, Gerhard N Graf, Ediciones Encuentro, Madrid, 1987
  • Portuguese Institute for Architectural Heritage [1]
  • General Bureau for National Buildings and Monuments (Portugal) [2]
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Pau
7 December 2017
Nice visit, there are many sculptures. It is Near the river thus you will be able to have an awesome view from the other side of the river.
Michael ????????
7 October 2016
buy the "double"-ticket for cathedral (monestario museum) plus the tower. definetely worth the 5 euro! both a "must-see" in Porto.
Holly Hager
1 August 2013
Definitely pay the extra €3 at Porto Cathedral to go into the Cloisters. The chapel, the sacristy & the treasury are stunning, chronicling its life from the 12th c thru the present perfectly.
Kateřina Linhardtová
12 October 2018
Buy the 3 euro ticket, absolutely worth it! Inside you will find beautiful exhibition and you will also get into the heart of the cathedral. So very beautiful, recommend!
Pedro Coelho
15 August 2012
uma das melhores vistas da cidade do porto, onde tb junta uma grande catedral como um grande símbolo da cidade do porto.
Gustavo Costa
6 January 2020
3 euros pra fazer o passeio, quem curte igreja vale a pena! Obs aqui você compra o caderninho pra quem vai fazer o caminho de compostela
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Map
Sé do Porto, 4000 Porto, Portugal Get directions
Mon-Tue 10:00 AM–7:00 PM
Wed 11:00 AM–7:00 PM
Thu-Fri 10:00 AM–7:00 PM
Sat 10:00 AM–8:00 PM

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