Abbeys in San Benedetto Po

Polirone Abbey

162 people have been here
8.7/10

The abbey of San Benedetto in Polirone stands in the Italian comune San Benedetto Po, near Mantua.

The abbey was founded in 1007 by Tedald, count of Canossa, the paternal grandfather of Matilda of Canossa, countess of Tuscany, with a grant to the Benedictine monks, of half his land lying between the rivers Po and Lirone, prompting the title "in Polirone". Polirone was the monastery most closely associated with his grand-daughter, Matilda, who granted estates and dependencies. Boniface III, Margrave of Tuscany made further grants and commissioned a larger church, housing the remains of the hermit, Simeon of Polirone (died 1016). In 1077 the community passed into the reformed Benedictines under the Abbey of Cluny. At the time of the Gregorian reforms, the abbot was one of the principal proponents of the papacy in the Investiture Conflict.

From 1115 until 1632, the abbey church housed thearca raised on eight columns housing the mortal remains of Matilda of Canossa, who had selected Polirone as her memorial place, rather than the ancestral mortuary church of Canossa. For centuries she was accorded almost the veneration of a founding patron saint at Polirone. Her body was transferred to the Basilica of St. Peter, Rome, in 1632.

Polirone was one of the richest abbeys of northern Italy. In the 15th century, Guido Gonzaga, abbot in commendam, rebuilt the church in late Gothic style. The abbey church was rebuilt again, to designs of Giulio Romano, in 1539-44, but some floor mosaics and sculptural details survive from the earlier church. The wall and vaults were extensively frescoed, by Antonio da Correggio and Antonio Begarelli, among others. The patrons funding the new construction through posthumous grants were two. One, the patroness, greeted by the monastic community as a "new Matilda", was Lucrezia Pico della Mirandola, sister of the humanist Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. Cesare d'Arsago's will also provided funding. Thirty-one figures by Antonio Begarelli of Modena were provided for the church, and Paolo Veronese provided three altarpieces in 1562.

The abbey was secularized during the Napoleonic era, in 1797. Today there survive three cloisters, the free-standing great refectory (1478–79), the "new" infirmary (1584), and the abbey church.

Three themed itineraries of the monastery, offered since the millennium celebration of 2007, concentrate on aspects of the cloistered life at Polirone: "Land and daily bread", "Herbs and monks", and "Prayer and reading".

Notes

Шаблон:Reflist

External links

Post a comment
Tips & Hints
Arrange By:
Alberto Merlotti
28 August 2011
Don't miss Giulio Romano's abbey church at Polirone, with its traditional enclosed forecourt, the Piazza Matilde di Canossa in the foreground.
Sagre nei Borghi
8 April 2013
A maggio non perdete la Sagra dell'asparago, per grandi spettacoli e degustazioni
Giovanni Caramaschi
27 September 2019
Tutto bello
Load more comments
foursquare.com
Location
Map
Address

Piazza Folengo Teofilo, 19, 46027 San Benedetto Po Mantua, Italy

Get directions
References

Abbazia di San Benedetto in Polirone on Foursquare

Polirone Abbey on Facebook

Hotels nearby

See all hotels See all
Best Western Hotel Cristallo

starting $79

La Casa Delle Rondini

starting $46

B&B Casa Pascolone

starting $40

Volivia Relais Hotel

starting $79

Mantova Residence

starting $72

Agriturismo Corte Rocca

starting $61

Recommended sights nearby

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Forte di Pietole

Forte di Pietole è un forte che sorge nel comune di Borgo Virgilio,

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Ducal palace, Mantua

The Palazzo Ducale di Mantova ('Ducal Palace') is a group of buildings

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Rotonda di San Lorenzo

The Rotonda di San Lorenzo is a religious building in Mantua, Lombardy

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Basilica of Sant'Andrea, Mantua

The Basilica of Sant'Andrea is a Roman Catholic co-cathedral and minor

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
San Sebastiano (Mantua)

San Sebastiano is an Early Renaissance church in Mantua, northern

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
San Francesco (Mantua)

San Francesco is a church located in piazza San Francesco d'Assisi

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Museo Nicolis

Il Museo Nicolis è un museo privato italiano che riunisce numerose

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Verona Villafranca Airport

Verona Villafranca Airport Шаблон:Airport codes, also known as Valer

Similar tourist attractions

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Basilica of St Denis

The Cathedral Basilica of St Denis (français. Cathédrale Royale S

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés

The Benedictine Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés, just beyond the

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Kilmacduagh monastery

Kilmacduagh Monastery is a ruined abbey near the town of Gort in

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
La Ferté Abbey

Founded in 1113, the Cistercian abbey La Ferté was the first of the

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
San Miniato al Monte

San Miniato al Monte (St. Minias on the Mountain) is a basilica in

See all similar places