Pinacoteca di Brera

The Pinacoteca di Brera ("Brera Art Gallery") is an art collection in Milan, Italy. It contains one of the foremost collections of Italian paintings, an outgrowth of the cultural program of the Brera Academy, which shares the site in the Palazzo Brera.

The Palazzo Brera owes its name to the Germanic braida, indicating a grassy opening in the city structure: compare the Bra of Verona. The convent on the site passed to the Jesuits (1572), then underwent a radical rebuilding by Francesco Maria Richini (1627–28). When the Jesuits were disbanded in 1773, the palazzo remained the seat of the astronomical Observatory and the library founded by the Jesuits. In 1774 were added the herbarium of the new botanical garden. The buildings were extended to designs by Giuseppe Piermarini, who was appointed professor in the Academy when it was formally founded in 1776, with Giuseppe Parini as dean. Piermarini taught at the Academy for 20 years, while he was controller of the city's urbanistic projects, like the public gardens (1787–1788) and piazza Fontana, (1780—1782)

For the better teaching of architecture, sculpture and the other arts, the Academy initiated by Parini was provided with a collection of casts after the Antique, an essential for inculcating a refined Neoclassicism in the students. Under Parini's successors, the abate Carlo Bianconi (1778–1802) and artist Giuseppe Bossi (1802–1807), the Academy acquired the first paintings of its pinacoteca during the reassignment of works of Italian art that characterized the Napoleonic era. Raphael's Sposalizio (the Marriage of the Virgin) was the key painting of the early collection, and the Academy increased its cultural scope by taking on associates across the First French Empire: David, Pietro Benvenuti, Vincenzo Camuccini, Canova, Thorvaldsen and the archaeologist Ennio Quirino Visconti. In 1805, under Bossi's direction, the series of annual exhibitions was initiated with a system of prizes, a counterpart of the Paris Salons, which served to identify Milan as the cultural capital for contemporary painting in Italy through the 19th century. The Academy's artistic committee, the Commissione di Ornato exercised a controlling influence on public monuments, a precursor of today's Sopraintendenze delle Belle Arti.

The Romantic era witnessed the triumph of academic history painting, guided at the Academy by Francesco Hayez, and the introduction of the landscape as an acceptable academic genre, inspired by Massimo D'Azeglio and Giuseppe Bisi, while the Academy moved towards becoming an institution for teaching the history of art. Thus in 1882 the Paintings Gallery was separated from the Academy.

From 1891 the exhibitions were reduced to triennial events, and architectural projects developed their autonomous course. During the period of the avant-garde when Modernism was becoming established, the director of the Academy Camillo Boito had as pupil Luca Beltrami, and Cesare Tallone taught Carlo Carrà and Achille Funi.

The Brera Observatory hosted the astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli for four decades, and the Orto Botanico di Brera is a historic botanical garden located behind the Pinacoteca.

Famous works in the Pinacoteca di Brera

See also

Шаблон:Commons

  • Aldo Carpi

References

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16 May 2018
Wonderful Italian paintings. The museum is on the second floor: the first floor is a school. Check out the tiny garden out back, full of herbs and useful plants.
Louis Vuitton
20 September 2011
If you really love art, you should visit the famous Pinacoteca di Brera, a gallery founded in 1809 by Napoleon. Mantegna's Dead Chris and Caravaggio's Supper at Emmaues are the main masterpieces.
TK ????????
5 December 2013
This gallery is unforgettable. Thoughtfully organized by period and style, and full of "greatest hits." Don't miss the Caravaggio, the Piero Della Francesca, the Rafaello, and the Mantegna.
johnlemon
4 October 2016
The collection is worth visiting. Audioguide is really needed i think, unless you are already familiar with the pieces. Free entrance on every first sunday of the month.
OnFeature Team
5 November 2016
This museum contains a large number of the greatest works of art by Raffaello Sanzio, Francesco Hayez, or Caravaggio. All these masterpieces put together transform your visit in a unique experience.
eric bornemann
19 January 2018
A great little museum with an impeccable collection of must see older paintings along with some gems from the futurists and other early 20th century Italian movements.
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