Archaeological sites in Ağva

Phaselis

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Phaselis (Ancient Greek: ) is an ancient Lycian city in the province of Antalya in Turkey. It is located between the Bey Mountains and the forests of Olympos National Park, 16 km west of the touristic town of Kemer and on the 57th kilometre of the Antalya–Kumluca highway. Phaselis and other ancient towns around the shore can also be accessed from the sea by daily yacht tours.

History

The town was set up by the Rhodians in 700 BC. Because of its location on an isthmus separating two harbours, it became the most important harbour city of the western Lycia and an important centre of commerce between Greece, Asia, Egypt, and Phoenicia, although it did not belong to the Lycian League. The city was captured by Persians after they conquered Asia Minor, and was later captured by Alexander the Great.

After the death of Alexander, the city remained in Egyptian hands from 209 BC to 197 BC, under the dynasty of Ptolemaios, and with the conclusion of the Apamea treaty, was handed over to the Kingdom of Rhodes, together with the other cities of Lycia. From 190 BC to 160 BC it remained under Rhodeian hegemony, but after 160 BC it was absorbed into the Lycian confederacy under Roman rule. Phaselis, like Olympos, was under constant threat from pirates in the 1st century BC, and the city was even taken over by the pirate Zekenites for a period until his defeat by the Romans. In 42 BC Brutus had the city linked to Rome. During the Byzantine period, the city became a bishopric, although in the 3rd century AD, its convenient harbor had fallen under the threat of pirates once again. So it began to lose importance, suffering further losses at the hands of Arab ships, until totally impoverished in the 11th century AD. There was a temple of Athene at Phaselis, where the lance of Achilles was exhibited. It was the birthplace of the poet and orator Theodectes. It was also renowned for its roses, from which the essence was extracted. When the Seljuqs began to concentrate on Alanya and Antalya as ports, Phaselis ceased to be a port of any note.

Phaselis today

Phaselis has three harbours: the 'Northern Harbour', the 'Battle Harbour' and the 'Protected (Sun) Harbour', of which the last is the most important today. A 24-metre-wide ancient street runs through the middle of the city. The 'Hadrian Waterway Gate' is on the southern part of the street. There are ruins of shops and stores on the sides of the street and near these are ruins of public places such as Roman baths, agoras and theatres. These structures are dated to the 2nd century BC. There are water canals between the town centre and the 70 m plateau. There are also numerous sarcophagi.

References

External links

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Фазелис - это настоящее античное чудо, здесь необходимо побывать каждому. Мы увидели Фазелис вот таким http://video-voyage.ru/fazelis/#more-171
Turkish Travel Blog
13 April 2013
Loved this place and it is a must visit if you are in the area. Take your own refreshments because the only place that sold it was a guy and the beach and it was expensive.
Expert Level (Antalya / Astana)
Good place for picnic
Emrah Yalcinalp
26 June 2014
It's good to be in a place offering natural beauty and history. As for the sea, yes, it's beautiful too. But not sure if I should describe it heaven. Nice place, that's all.
Екатерина Чернышова
Beautiful ancient place.
Burcu S.
5 May 2013
Love this place, love this wonderful sea and view. You can breath here like never before:)
Hana Zaloudkova
5 June 2016
Nice beach near interesting archeological site, almost no people
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1.1km from Kumluca Kemer Yolu, Antalya, Turkey

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