Castles in Savonlinna

Olavinlinna

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Olavinlinna (svenska. Olofsborg; literally St. Olaf's Castle) is a 15th century three-tower castle located in Savonlinna, Finland. It is the world's most northern medieval stone fortress still standing.

Construction

The fortress was founded by Erik Axelsson Tott in 1475 under the name Sankt Olofsborg in an effort to profit from the political turmoil following Ivan III's conquest of the Novgorod Republic. It was sited in Savonia so as to lay claim to the Russian side of the border established by the Treaty of Nöteborg.

One of Tott's letters from 1477 includes a passing mention of foreign builders invited to Olofsborg, probably from Reval, where the city fortifications were being extended. It was the first Swedish castle provided with a set of thickset circular towers that could withstand cannon fire. It is not by accident that a network of lakes and waterways forms the setting for the castle, for these would seriously impede a prospective Russian offensive.

History

Olofsborg withstood several sieges by the Russians during the the First and Second Russian-Swedish wars. A brisk trade developed under the umbrella of the castle towards the end of the 16th century, giving birth to the town of Savonlinna, which was chartered in 1639.

On 28 July 1714 the garrison capitulated to the invading Russians, and it took them only two days to take the castle in 1743, in the events leading up to the Treaty of Abo which awarded the entire region to Empress Elizabeth of Russia.

Tourism

Currently, the castle hosts several small exhibitions, including the Castle Museum which displays artifacts found in the castle or related to it, and the Orthodox Museum which displays icons and other religious artifacts both from Finland and Russia. The castle forms a spectacular stage for the Savonlinna Opera Festival, held annually in the summer since 1912.

Olavinlinna is the initial model for Kropow Castle in the comic book King Ottokar's Sceptre, an album in the series of Adventures of Tintin created by Hergé.

External links

Шаблон:Commons

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Tips & Hints
Arrange By:
jorgen
8 October 2014
evelina
Rost Dan
26 September 2017
I recommend buying the castle tour (9€) because that is the only way to get to the tower. In one of the towers is a medieval WC and it is very cool. In the autumn season the last tour starts at 15:00.
J Kofler
1 September 2017
Castle itself is not so spectacular, compared to e.g. Turku castle. But this one is often used for operas, so definitely worth experiencing that.
Машуля Семчук
24 October 2013
Экскурсия на русском языке - просто чудо! Количество экскурсантов не имеет значения и это обрадовало! Очень интересно рассказывают, не хотелось уходить! И город, и крепость рекомендую к посещению!
Julia Trushina
17 July 2013
В летний сезон (до 14 августа 2013) со вторника по субботу каждый час с 13.00 до 17.00 проводятся экскурсии на русском языке
Irina Kazantseva
12 May 2019
Берите экскурсию по замку! Проход по башням того стоит. Познавательно, много. Крепость в отличном состоянии.
Maria Pavlova
1 September 2018
Достойнейшее место средневековой архитектуры. Крепость заложена ещё в 1475 году. Подобную аутентичность сегодня редко встретишь !
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Location
Map
Address

Aino-Ackten Puistotie 5, 57150 Savonlinna, Finland

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Open hours
Mon-Sun 11:00 AM–6:00 PM
References

Olavinlinna on Foursquare

Olavinlinna on Facebook

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