Museum Island

Museum Island (Deutsch. Museumsinsel) in Berlin, Germany is the name of the northern half of the Spreeinsel, an island in the Spree river in the centre of the city (the southern half of the island is called Fischerinsel (Fishers' Island)).

The island received its name for several internationally renowned museums that now occupy all of the island's northern half (originally a residential area dedicated to "art and science" by King Frederick William IV of Prussia in 1841). Constructed under several Prussian kings, their collections of art and archeology were turned into a public foundation after 1918, the Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation), which maintains the collections and museums today.

The Prussian collections became separated during the Cold War during the division of the city, but were reunited after German reunification except for the art and artefacts removed after World War II by Allied troops and not yet returned; these include the Priam's Treasure, also called the gold of Troy, excavated by Heinrich Schliemann in 1873, then smuggled out of Turkey to Berlin.

Presently, the Museumsinsel and the collections are in the process of being reorganized. Since several buildings were destroyed in World War II and some of the exhibition space is in the process of being reconstructed, the information below is in a state of flux.

and Bode Museum (1951)]] The oldest museum on the island is the aptly-named Old Museum (Altes Museum). It was completed on the orders of Karl Friedrich Schinkel in 1830. In 1859, the New Museum (Neues Museum) was finished, this time according to plans by Friedrich August Stüler, a student of Schinkel. It was completed in 1859.

The Old National Gallery (Alte Nationalgalerie) was completed in 1876, also according to designs by Friedrich August Stüler, to host a collection of 19th century art donated by banker Joachim H. W. Wagener. In 1904 the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum, today called the Bode Museum, was opened. It exhibits the sculpture collections and late Antique and Byzantine art.

The final museum of the complex was constructed in 1930, it was the Pergamon Museum, . The museum contains multiple reconstructed immense and historically significant buildings such as the Pergamon Altar and the Ishtar Gate of Babylon. In 1999, the museum complex was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

Museum Island is referenced in the song "On the Museum Island" by folk artist Emmy the Great

See also

  • Berlin State Museums
  • List of museums in Berlin

External links

Шаблон:Commonscat

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M ALDossary  ♏
8 October 2015
For History and Art Lovers !!! This area has 5 museums. Walk around and enjoy the architecture of these museums. Neues museum ????????
Francisco Cano
13 August 2014
5 different museums that are sure to appeal to at least one of your interests. If you're a fan of museums, check them all out. They're all fantastic!
Semra U.
6 April 2015
It'd be a shame to miss Pergamon Museum here, it's amazing! Just to let you know that it'll be will be partially closed for five years of renovation. Avoid the long lines by buying your ticket online.
Tantek Çelik
12 May 2018
Take a break between museums to walk around and enjoy the beautiful gardens! See how many statues you can collect.
Sanjula Mansingh
1 May 2016
Buy the ticket for the whole island. Good deal, if you have the whole day (till 6pm). Start early, get your drinks and snacks. Take breaks at the Lust garden and make the most of the museumsinsel.
Emel Bayraktar
27 September 2015
There are museums all around. You have to spend a great deal of time to visit them all.
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