Musée d'Orsay

The Musée d'Orsay is a museum in Paris, France, on the left bank of the Seine, housed in the former railway station, the Gare d'Orsay. It holds mainly French art dating from 1848 to 1915, including paintings, sculptures, furniture, and photography, and is probably best known for its extensive collection of impressionist masterpieces by such painters such as Monet, Degas, Renoir, and Cezanne. Many of these works were held at the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume prior to the museum's opening in 1986.

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{{infobox Museum |name= Musée d'Orsay |image= MuseeOrsay_20070324.jpg |imagesize =220 |established= 1986

History

The museum building was originally a railway station, Gare d'Orsay, constructed for the Chemin de Fer de Paris à Orléans and finished in time for the 1900 Exposition Universelle to the design of three architects: Lucien Magne, Émile Bénard and Victor Laloux. It was the terminus for the railways of southwestern France until 1939.

By 1939 the station's short platforms had become unsuitable for the longer trains that had come to be used for mainline services. After 1939 it was used for suburban services and part of it became a mailing center during World War II. It was then used as a set for several films, such as Kafka's The Trial adapted by Orson Welles, and as a haven for the Renaud-Barrault Theatre Company and for auctioneers, while the Hôtel Drouot was being rebuilt. The station's hotel closed on 1 January, 1973.

Museum conversion

In 1977 the French Government decided to convert the station to a museum. ACT Architecture (Renaud Bardon, Pierre Colboc and Jean-Paul Philippon) were the designers and the construction work was carried by Bouygues. The Italian architect Gae Aulenti oversaw the design of the conversion from 1980 to 1986. work involved creating 20,000 sq. m. of new floorspace on four floors. The new museum was opened by President François Mitterrand on 1 December 1986.

  • Europe by Alexandre Schoenewerk
  • North America by :
    Starry Night Over the Rhone
    Arles, september 1888]]

Bal au moulin de la Galette, Montmartre, 1876]]


The Luncheon on the Grass
1862-3]]


The Artist's Studio
detail, 1855]]
Apples and Oranges
circa 1899]]

Major painters and works represented

  • Gustave Courbet — The Artist's Studio, Young Man Sitting, L'Origine du monde
  • Jean-François Millet — Spring, The Gleaners
  • Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot — A Morning. The Dance of the Nymphs
  • Alexandre Cabanel — The Birth of Venus, The Death of Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta
  • Jean-Léon Gérôme — Portrait of the baroness Nathaniel de Rothschild, Reception of Condé in Versailles, La Comtesse de Keller
  • Pierre Puvis de Chavannes — Young Girls by the Seaside, The Young Mother also known as Charity, View on the Château de Versailles and the Orangerie
  • Eugène Boudin — Trouville Beach
  • Camille Pissarro — White Frost
  • Édouard Manet — Olympia, The Balcony, Berthe Morisot With a Bouquet of Violets, The Luncheon on the Grass
  • Edgar Degas — The Parade, also known as Race Horses in front of the Tribunes, The Bellelli Family, The Tub, Portrait of Edouard Manet, Portraits, At the Stock Exchange, L’Absinthe
  • Paul Cézanne — Apples and Oranges
  • Claude Monet — The Saint-Lazare Station, The Rue Montorgueil in Paris. Celebration of June 30, 1878, Wind Effect, Series of The Poplars, Rouen Cathedral. Harmony in Blue, Blue Water Lilies
  • Odilon Redon — Caliban
  • Pierre-Auguste Renoir — Bal au moulin de la Galette, Montmartre
  • Jules Desbois — Destitution
  • Ferdinand Hodler — Der Holzfäller (The Woodcutter)
  • Gustave Caillebotte — The Floor Planers
  • Édouard Detaille — The Dream
  • Brian Wright — "The Man"
  • Vincent Van Gogh — Self Portriat,The Siesta, The Church at Auvers, View from the Chevet, The Italian Woman, Starry Night Over the Rhone, Portrait of Dr. Gachet
  • Eugène Jansson — Proletarian Lodgings
  • Paul Signac — Women at the Well
  • Félix Vallotton — Misia at Her Dressing Table
  • Georges-Pierre Seurat — The Circus
  • Pierre Bonnard — The Chequered Blouse
  • André Devambez — The Charge
  • Paul Sérusier — The Talisman, the Aven River at the Bois d'Amour
  • Maurice Denis — Portrait of the Artist Aged Eighteen, Princess Maleine's Minuet or Marthe Playing the Piano, The Green Trees or Beech Trees in Kerduel, October Night (panel for the decoration of a girl's room)
  • André Derain — Charing Cross Bridge, also known as Westminster Bridge
  • James McNeill Whistler — Arrangement in Grey and Black: The Artist's Mother, also known as Whistler's Mother
  • William Adolphe Bouguereau — The Birth of Venus

Major sculptors

François Rude, Jules Cavelier, Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, Auguste Rodin, Paul Gauguin, Camille Claudel and Honoré Daumier.

Other works

It also holds collections of:

  • architecture and decorative arts
  • photography

References

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External links

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Melforss
2 March 2015
My absolute favorite museum in Paris. Only the building itself is worth seeing and then Van Gogh, Renoir, Monet, Manet, Gauguin, Degas, Picasso and all their friends will keep you company. Must go
Andrea Assier
10 March 2015
One of my favorite museums, the musée d'Orsay is in a charming, beautiful building and houses a large collection of impressionist pieces . I recommend a visit to their beautiful tea room as well
Jan-Willem Callebaut
8 January 2017
The best and must see museum if you are in to realist and impressionist art. The works of Van Gogh, Monet, Manet, Cezanne, Degas, ... are a must one everyone's bucket list.
Amnon B
19 March 2015
For this is the best museum in Paris the art is beautifully presented in intimate size room . Magnificent collection of impressionist art and even very good restaurants . What more someone can ask
Gamze Alhamo Sarıtaş
14 March 2016
The museum located near Seine river. Structural details must be seen inside and outside. You can see many works of famous artists.It was amazing for me cause of i saw Van Gogh's (my best) works.
Cody Griggers
21 November 2014
Go to the Louvre because you have to. But come to the Orsay to be amazed from start to finish...from the architecture to seeing what seems like every blockbuster painting in Western civilization.
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