Castles in Britford

Longford Castle

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Longford Castle is located on the banks of the River Avon south of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.

In 1573 Thomas Gorges, of Langford acquired the manor (at the time written "Langford"), which was originally owned by the Cervingtons. Prior to this the existing mansion house had been damaged by fire. In c 1576 Thomas Gorges married Helena Snakenborg, the Swedish born dowager Marchioness of Northampton and Lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth. They rebuilt the Longford property as a triangular Swedish pattern castle on the banks of the River Avon. Unfortunately the building work became very expensive due to problems with the subsoil. Sir Thomas Gorges, who was now governor of Hurst Castle, persuaded his wife to beg of the Queen a shipwreck he knew from the defeated Spanish Armada. The gift was granted and the gold and silver retrieved from the shipwreck funded the completion of the castle under the final supervision of John Thorpe in 1591. The family lived in the castle for several years before its final completion.

The main building had several floors and was triangular with a round tower in each corner; the three towers representing the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. There was a chapel, kitchen department, several boudoirs and sitting rooms, as well as bedrooms. Fresh cold water was pumped to various floors and there were water closets operating with rainwater. A park, fruit garden and kitchen garden were attached.

In 1717 Longford Castle became the Bouverie home, purchased by Sir Edward Des Bouverie from the Coleraines. It is said that Sir Edward saw and fell in love with the castle in the valley as he rode past, having enough money in his saddle bags to effect the purchase there and then. Subsequent generations of the family beautified the interior of the castle and surrounding park. However, Jacob, 2nd Earl of Radnor (1749-1828), employed James Wyatt to change Longford from a reasonably modest chateau into a hexagonal palace "to the despair of future generations" . He destroyed one of the Elizabethan towers and replaced it with a larger one of his own design, added two more towers and linked each to each other. The palace concept was not finished. It was Jacob, 4th Earl of Radnor (1815-1889), who oversaw the last significant changes to the castle architecture, undertaken by Anthony Salvin. These included the formation of a second courtyard, the doming over of the central courtyard and the addition of a square tower that can be seen in the aerial photograph.

Longford Castle is currently the seat of William Pleydell-Bouverie, 9th Earl of Radnor, and is not open to the public.

Other notable uses

  • Longford was the model for the 'Castle of Amphialeus' in Sir Philip Sidney's The Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia (1580, pub. 1590).
  • In the 1914-18 war the castle was a hospital.
  • In the 1939-45 war the castle was occupied by British and American troops and entertained Montgomery, Mark Clark and Creagh.
  • Longford Castle is shown from the air at the end of the movie The Princess Diaries as the castle in Genovia.
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108 Bodenham Farm Cottages, Bodenham, Salisbury, Wiltshire SP5 4ES, UK

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