The Königssee is a lake located in the extreme southeast of the German State of Bavaria (Bayern), near the German-Austrian Border. Lying near the Bavarian town of Berchtesgaden in the municipality of Schönau am Königsee, just south of the Austrian city Salzburg in the German Alps, the Königssee is the deepest lake in Germany. The lake was formed by glaciers during the last ice age. It is 7.7 kilometers long and about 1.7 kilometers across at its widest point. Except at its outlet, the Königsseer Ache at the village of Königssee, the lake is surrounded by steeply rising flanks of alpine mountains (2.000 m), including the fabled Watzmann.
The literal translation appears to be King's Lake, but
this is not correct. While König does indeed mean
king, the name of the lake comes from the first name
Kuno, which appears in several historical sources, and it
was formerly called Kunigsee.
The lake is noted for its clear water and is advertised as the
cleanest lake in Germany. For this reason, only electric driven
boats, rowboats and pedal boats have been permitted on the lake
since 1909. The lake and surrounding parklands are very popular
with tourists and hikers.
St. Bartholomä, a famous pilgrimage church, is located about
halfway down the western lakeshore.