Istanbul University

Istanbul University (Türkçe. İstanbul Üniversitesi) is Turkey's main and oldest prestige university.

, which was known as Forum Tauri in the Roman period. Beyazıt Tower, located within the campus, is seen in the background.]]

Its graduates have frequently been the main source of academic staff for the Turkish university system, as well as providing a very large number of Turkish bureaucrats, professionals, and business people. The campus and faculties are numerous and spread throughout Istanbul, the main campus being next to Beyazıt Square.

History

Its history goes back to when it was founded as an institution of higher education named the Darülfünun (House of Multiple Sciences) on July 23, 1846; but the Medrese (School of theological and environmental sciences), which was founded immediately after Mehmed II conquered (Istanbul) in 1453, is regarded as the precursor to the Darülfünun which evolved into Istanbul University, so the university celebrated its 550th anniversary in 2003.

German historian Richard Honig believes that the history of the Medrese which first evolved into the Darülfünun and later became Istanbul University actually started on March 1, 1321, during the reign of Osman I in Bithynia, the cradle of the Ottoman State.

The first modern Applied Physics courses were given at the Darülfünun on December 31, 1863, which marked the beginning of a new period, and on February 20, 1870, the school was renamed as the Darülfünun-u Osmani (Ottoman House of Multiple Sciences) and reorganized to meet the needs of modern sciences and technologies. Starting from 1874, some classes of Literature, Law and Applied Sciences were given at the building of Galatasaray Lisesi, which continued regularly until 1881. On September 1, 1900, the school was renamed and reorganized as the Darülfünun-u Şahane (Imperial House of Multiple Sciences) with courses on Mathematics, Literature and Theology. On April 20, 1912, the school was renamed as the İstanbul Darülfünunu (Istanbul House of Multiple Sciences) while the number of courses were increased and the curricula were modernized with the establishment of the Schools of Medicine, Law, Applied Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics), Literature and Theology. On April 21, 1924, the Republic of Turkey recognized the İstanbul Darülfünunu as a state school, and on October 7, 1925, the administrative autonomy of İstanbul Darülfünunu was recognized while the "Schools" (within the old Medrese system) became modern "Faculties". On August 1, 1933, İstanbul Darülfünunu was reorganized as İstanbul Üniversitesi (Istanbul University) following the educational reforms of Atatürk. Classes officially began on November 1, 1933, in "the first modern university" of the Republic of Turkey.

Campus

The university currently has seventeen faculties on five campuses, the main campus being on Beyazıt Square in Istanbul, which was known as the Forum Tauri in the Roman period. It has a teaching staff of 2,000 professors and associates and 4,000 assistants and younger staff. More than 60,000 undergraduate and 8,000 postgraduate students follow the courses offered by Istanbul University every year. The main campus with its landmark gate actually used to be the Ottoman ministry of war. Located on the grounds is the Beyazıt Tower, a 85 metre tall fire-watch tower. The grounds before that was the location of the Eski Palace (Old Palace). Some roman and Byzantine ruins are still visible on the grounds.

Faculties

  • Faculty of Political Sciences
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Journalism
  • Faculty of Literature and Social Sciences
  • Faculty of Sciences
  • Istanbul Faculty of Medicine
  • Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Economics
  • Faculty of Pharmacy
  • Hasan Ali Yücel Faculty of Education
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Faculty of Forestry
  • Faculty of Engineering
  • Faculty of Veterinary Sciences
  • Faculty of Business Administration
  • Faculty of Communication
  • Faculty of Water Products
  • Faculty of Theology

Notable alumni

Turkish Presidents
  • Abdullah Gül
Foreign Presidents
  • Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, President of Israel
Turkish Prime Ministers
  • Abdullah Gül
  • Refik Saydam
  • Yıldırım Akbulut
  • Sadi Irmak
  • Mehmet Naim Talu
  • Suad Hayri Ürgüplü
  • Nihat Erim
Foreign Prime Ministers
  • David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister of Israel
Turkish Ministers
  • Mehmet Ali Şahin
  • Turhan Feyzioğlu
  • Haşmet Babaoğlu
  • Hulusi Behcet
  • Aykut Barka
  • Muzaffer Şerif
  • Ahmet Hamdi Tanpinar
  • Ömer Lütfi Mete
  • Orhan Pamuk, Nobel Laureate in Literature
  • Oben Özaydın
  • Orhan Veli
  • Attila İlhan
  • Onat Kutlar
  • Arif Mardin
  • Bülent Ortaçgil
  • Mercan Dede
Other
  • Mahir Kaynak - Intelligence Specialist
  • Deniz Gezmiş - Political activist

References

Шаблон:Reflist

See also

  • List of forestry universities and colleges

External links

Шаблон:Commonscat-inline

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Cuma Sumbul
17 April 2014
To say some words about the park, it's make you feel freedom
Mehmet Ali Çetinkaya
28 May 2014
If you want feel historical things you should visit our school :)
Profe John
12 May 2014
Does anyone need hep with their homework and essays...? Best quailty -- Email me at helperhomework8@gmail.com
Luna
8 January 2020
Calm and cozzy. Always silent with a meaningfull architecture and a view. 10/10
İkra K
7 September 2013
My Universty =))
Andreas
27 March 2015
If you need a a pleace to calm down. Take a seat here.
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