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Iguazu Falls

Waterfalls in Puerto Canoas
Iguazu Falls
Iguazu Falls — © Mark Meredith / 500px
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Iguazu Falls, Iguassu Falls, or Iguaçu Falls (português. Cataratas do Iguaçu Шаблон:Pronounced; español. Cataratas del Iguazú, Шаблон:IPA) are waterfalls of the Iguazu River located on the border of the Brazilian state of Paraná and the Argentine province of Misiones. The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu.

Their name comes from the Guarani or Tupi words y (IPA:[ɨ]) (water) and ûasú (IPA:[wa'su]) (big). Legend has it that a god planned to marry a beautiful aborigine named Naipí, who fled with her mortal lover Tarobá in a canoe. In rage, the god sliced the river creating the waterfalls, condemning the lovers to an eternal fall. The first European to find the falls was the Spanish Conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1541, after whom one of the falls in the Argentine side is named. The falls were rediscovered by Boselli at the end of the nineteenth century, and one of the Argentine falls is named after him.

Iguazu Falls was short-listed as a candidate to be one of the New7Wonders of Nature by the New Seven Wonders of the World Foundation. As of February 2009 it was ranking fifth in Group F, the category for lake, rivers, and waterfalls.

Geography

The waterfall system consists of 275 falls along 2.7 kilometers (1.67 miles) of the Iguazu River. Position is at latitude (DMS): 25° 40' 60 S, longitude (DMS): 54° 25' 60 W . Some of the individual falls are up to 82 meters (269 ft) in height, though the majority are about 64 metres (210 ft). The Devil's Throat (Шаблон:Lang in Spanish or Шаблон:Lang in Portuguese), a U-shaped, 82-meter-high, 150-meter-wide and 700-meter-long (490 by 2300 feet) cataract, is the most impressive of all, and marks the border between Argentina and Brazil. Two thirds of the falls are within Argentine territory. About 900 metres of the 2.7-kilometer length does not have water flowing over it. The edge of the basalt cap recedes only 3 mm per year. The water of the lower Iguazu collects in a canyon that drains into the Paraná River in Argentina, shortly downstream from the Itaipu dam.

Access

The falls can be reached from the two main towns on either side of the falls: Foz do Iguaçu in the Brazilian state of Paraná, and Puerto Iguazú in the Argentine province of Misiones as well as from Ciudad del Este (Paraguay) on the other side of the Parana river from Foz do Iguaçu. The falls are shared by the Iguazú National Park (Argentina) and Iguaçu National Park (Brazil). These parks were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1984 and 1986, respectively.

On the Brazilian side there is a long walkway along the canyon with an extension to the lower base of the Devil's Throat. The Argentine access is facilitated by the Шаблон:Lang (Rainforest Ecological Train), which brings visitors to different walkways. The Paseo Garganta del Diablo is a one-kilometer-long trail that brings the visitor directly over the falls of the Devil's Throat. Other walkways allow access to the elongated stretch of falls on the Argentine side and to the ferry that connects to the San Martin island.

The fall area provides opportunities for water sports and rock climbing. Шаблон:Wide image

Comparisons to other famous falls

Upon seeing Iguazu, the United States' First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt reportedly exclaimed "Poor Niagara!" Iguazu is also often compared with Southern Africa's Victoria Falls which separates Zambia and Zimbabwe. Whilst Iguazu is wider because it is split into about 270 discrete falls and large islands, Victoria is the largest curtain of water in the world, at over 1600 m wide and over 100 m (350 ft) in height (in low flow Victoria is split into five by islands; in high flow it can be uninterrupted). The only wider falls are extremely large rapid-like falls such as the Boyoma Falls). With the flooding of the Guaíra Falls in 1982, Iguazu currently has the greatest average annual flow of any waterfall in the world.

The water falling over Iguazu in peak flow has a surface area of about 40 Ha (1.3 million ft²) whilst Victoria in peak flow has a surface area of over 55 ha (1.8 million ft²). By comparison, Niagara has a surface area of under 18.3 ha (600,000 ft²). Victoria's annual peak flow is also greater than Iguazu's annual peak—9,100 m³/s versus 6,500—though in times of extreme flood the two have recorded very similar maximum water discharge (well in excess of 12,000 m³/s). Niagara's annual peak flow is about 2,800 m³/s, although an all-time peak of 6,800 has been recorded. Iguazu and Victoria fluctuate more greatly in their flow rate. Mist rises between 30 and 150 m (100 and 500 ft) from Iguazu's Devil's Throat, and over 300 m (1,000 ft) above Victoria (sometimes over 600 m).

Iguazu, however, affords better views and walkways and its shape allows for spectacular vistas. At one point a person can stand and be surrounded by 260 degrees of waterfalls. The Devil's Throat has water pouring into it from three sides. Likewise, because Iguazu is split into many relatively small falls, one can view these a portion at a time. Victoria does not allow this, as it is essentially one waterfall that falls into a canyon and is too immense to appreciate at once (except from the air).

As of July 24, 2006 a severe drought in South America had caused the river feeding the falls to become parched, reducing the amount of water flowing over the falls to 300 m³ (80,000 gallons) per second, down from the normal flow of 1,300 m³/s to 1,500 m³/s (350,000 to 400,000 ga/s). By early December, the flow was spectacular again, according to visiting tourists. This was unusual, as normally dry periods last only a few weeks.

Iguazu Falls in fiction

Шаблон:Trivia Some movies/TV the Falls were featured in:

  • Shock Corridor (1963) (16mm color footage of the falls appear for a stylized effect in this black and white film)
  • Moonraker (1979), James Bond film
  • The Mission (1986)
  • Happy Together (1997), by Hong Kong director Wong Kar-wai
  • Mr. Magoo (1997)
  • Miami Vice (2006)
  • Smallville (2006) TV Series, episode "Zod"
  • Godzilla 3D to the MAX (2007)
  • Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008)

References

Шаблон:Reflist

External links

Шаблон:Commons

Tips & Hints

Visit Argentina
Visit Argentina 21 February 2011
15
The purpose of this park is the preservation of the majestic Iguazú Waterfalls - one of the most important natural phenomenons in the world -, as well as the biodiversity surrounding them.
Visit Argentina
Visit Argentina 22 February 2011
11
Vote for Cataratas. New 7 wonders of the world
SAAD
SAAD 16 June 2015
4
Get ready to get wet so wear something sporty and comfy shoes! 💦🙆 The Macuco Safari boat trip is a MUST! 😍🚣🌊
Cataratas del Iguazú - Iguazú Falls, Argentina
For the movement of visitors throughout the area around the Falls we have made one of our most innovative additions to the park: an ecological train which runs on natural gas.
Ciaran Quinn
Ciaran Quinn 19 July 2014
3
Pot of gold... In the boat?
Emel Topsakaloglu
Emel Topsakaloglu 28 February 2013
3
High trees,interesting animals, magnificent falls, a great rain forest.I love this place
Visite Foz do Iguaçu
Visite Foz do Iguaçu 2 October 2011
15
Ponto turístico do lado Argentino
Letis D
Letis D 30 May 2013
7
Não deixe de visitar e não acredite nos guias brasileiros: o lado da Argentina é muito lindo e vale um dia de passeio se quiser fazer todas as trilhas e descer na ilha ( passeio gratuito).
Roni de Andrade
Roni de Andrade 11 February 2012
7
Parabens para o retardado q cadastrou as cataratas no centro.
Bá Zunino
Bá Zunino 13 December 2013
6
Vá no fim da tarde. A luz do sol deixa a vista muito mais bela!
Ivan
Ivan 22 August 2013
6
Красотища неописуемая!
Ger Ber
Ger Ber 3 January 2014
4
Excelente lugar... colosal. Muy bueno el paseo en la lancha que te hacen hasta abajo de las cataratas. Es muuuy bueno
Juan Seguí
Juan Seguí 8 April 2013
4
Probablemente el lugar más bonito del mundo.
VacazionaViajes
VacazionaViajes 30 August 2012
4
Es un sitio espectacular que no puedes dejar de visitar si vienes a Argentina. Las imponentes caidas de agua como la garganta del diablo que atrapa por el gran caudal y ensordecedor ruido
Fabiano Trindade (SU6)
Fabiano Trindade (SU6) 16 May 2015
3
Do primeiro mirante até a Garganta do Diabo a vista vai ficando cada vez melhor e impressionante. O passeio demora, então chegue com tempo e esqueça o mundo afora.
Priscilla Baccin
Priscilla Baccin 16 April 2015
3
Perfeição! É tudo que me vem à mente. Lugar maravilhoso, contemplar isso tudo é um grande privilégio. E a sensação de paz é indescritível. Não tem arrependimento algum em vir até aqui. Aproveite!
David Lisboa Lobos
David Lisboa Lobos 3 January 2014
3
Disfrútalo. Deja la cámara de lado por un buen rato. Olvídate de la gente que lo considera una atracción más. Cierra los ojos. Escucha. Viaja. Si puedes en compañía, mucho mejor. No hay igual. :')
Yut Zil
Yut Zil 21 May 2013
3
Hermoso lugar!!!! Si viajas a Brasil,es uno de los lugares que obligatoriamente tienes que visitar.
Cristopher Castillo
Cristopher Castillo 23 November 2012
3
Sí quieres hacer todos los circuitos debes llegar temprano al parque, haces primero la caminata a la Garganta del Diablo, luego el circuito superior y por último el circuito inferior.
Wanderley Costa
Wanderley Costa 14 February 2011
3
É realmente uma das maravilhas da natureza, todo mundo deve conhecer, imperdível, do lado argentino você tem uma visão diferente.
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Open hours
Mon-Sun
8:00 AM–6:00 PM
Location
2.6km from Entrada A Parque Nacional Iguazú, Misiones Province, Argentina
-25.6941°, -54.4378°
Get directions
Map
Distances
Casablanca8300 km
Puerto Iguazú18 km
Foz do Iguaçu23 km
Cascavel129 km
Posadas239 km
Chapecó240 km