Monuments and memorials in Hiroshima

Hiroshima Peace Memorial

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Hiroshima Peace Memorial, commonly called the Atomic Bomb Dome or A-Bomb Dome (Japanese: 原爆ドーム Genbaku Dome), in Hiroshima, Japan, is part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.

History

The building was originally designed by Czech architect Jan Letzel. It was completed in April 1915, and the new building was named the Hiroshima Prefectural Commercial Exhibition (HMI). It was formally opened to the public in August that year. In 1921 the name was changed to the Hiroshima Prefectural Products Exhibition Hall, and again in 1933 to the Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall.

Atomic bombing

Having slightly missed the original target (the distinctive "T"-shaped Aioi Bridge), at 8:15 on August 6th, 1945 the first nuclear bomb to be used against mankind detonated almost directly above the dome (the actual hypocenter was 160 meters / 490 feet away and 580 meters / 1,968 feet above ground).

The Genbaku Dome was originally scheduled to be demolished with the rest of the ruins, but the fact that it was mostly intact delayed these plans. As Hiroshima was rebuilt around the dome, it became a subject of controversy; some locals wanted it torn down, while others wanted to preserve it as a memorial of the bombing.

China had reservations regarding the confirmation of the memorial as a World Heritage Site and the delegate of the United States to the World Heritage Committee dissociated himself from the decision. China cited the possibility that the monument could be used to downplay the fact that the enemies of Japan suffered the greatest losses of life during the war, while the United States claimed that having a memorial to a "war site" would omit the necessary historical context.

See also

  • Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park

References

Шаблон:Reflist

External links

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Naohiro W
5 August 2013
Here is world heritage site. American airmen dropped Little Boy on the city of Hiroshima on August 6th 1945. August 15th the same year, Accepted the Potsdam Declaration, Japan surrendered....
ナイトホーク へ(ё)へ f
ユネスコ世界遺産(文化遺産)に認定。日本で唯一の負の世界遺産。1945年(昭和20年)8月6日午前8時15分、第二次世界大戦・太平洋戦争でアメリカ軍が広島市に原子爆弾"リトルボーイ"を投下。3日後に長崎県長崎市に原子爆弾"ファットマン"を投下。同年8月15日、ポツダム宣言を受諾し、日本は降伏、戦争が終結した。
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Location
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Japan, 〒730-0051 Hiroshima-ken, Hiroshima-shi, Naka-ku, Ōtemachi, 1 Chome−10, 原爆ドーム

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Open hours
Sun 9:00 AM–7:00 PM
Mon 9:00 AM–6:00 PM
Tue-Fri 10:00 AM–6:00 PM
Contact
References

Atomic Bomb Dome (原爆ドーム) on Foursquare

Hiroshima Peace Memorial on Facebook

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