Hiroshima Peace Memorial

Hiroshima Peace Memorial, commonly called the Atomic Bomb Dome or A-Bomb Dome (Japanese: 原爆ドーム Genbaku Dome), in Hiroshima, Japan, is part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.

History

The building was originally designed by Czech architect Jan Letzel. It was completed in April 1915, and the new building was named the Hiroshima Prefectural Commercial Exhibition (HMI). It was formally opened to the public in August that year. In 1921 the name was changed to the Hiroshima Prefectural Products Exhibition Hall, and again in 1933 to the Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall.

Atomic bombing

Having slightly missed the original target (the distinctive "T"-shaped Aioi Bridge), at 8:15 on August 6th, 1945 the first nuclear bomb to be used against mankind detonated almost directly above the dome (the actual hypocenter was 160 meters / 490 feet away and 580 meters / 1,968 feet above ground).

The Genbaku Dome was originally scheduled to be demolished with the rest of the ruins, but the fact that it was mostly intact delayed these plans. As Hiroshima was rebuilt around the dome, it became a subject of controversy; some locals wanted it torn down, while others wanted to preserve it as a memorial of the bombing.

China had reservations regarding the confirmation of the memorial as a World Heritage Site and the delegate of the United States to the World Heritage Committee dissociated himself from the decision. China cited the possibility that the monument could be used to downplay the fact that the enemies of Japan suffered the greatest losses of life during the war, while the United States claimed that having a memorial to a "war site" would omit the necessary historical context.

See also

  • Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park

References

Шаблон:Reflist

External links

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Simple Discoveries
14 April 2016
This should be a must-see for anyone visiting Japan with a rail pass. A very somber reminder of the atrocities of war. Eerie to think of all the destruction inflicted just over 70 years ago.
Naohiro Watanabe
5 August 2013
Here is world heritage site. American airmen dropped Little Boy on the city of Hiroshima on August 6th 1945. August 15th the same year, Accepted the Potsdam Declaration, Japan surrendered....
Gregory K.
7 January 2016
Really powerful. They are putting esthquake supports in to make sure the structure can stay in the same exact condition that it was in after the a-bomb detonated
龍
25 September 2015
1945年 (昭和20年) 8月6日8時15分、人類史上最初の原子爆弾は産業奨励館から南東160m、高度約600mのところで炸裂した。爆心地から至近距離にあり、爆風と熱線で大破し、天井から火を吹いて全焼したが、爆風が上方からほとんど垂直に働いたため奇跡的に本屋の中心部は倒壊を免れている。戦後、頂上の円蓋鉄骨の形からいつしか原爆ドーム、と呼ばれるようになった。
Nao
15 April 2017
久しぶりの原爆ドーム訪問。ここを訪れると何とも言えない思いがこみ上げてきます。まだ訪問されたことのない方はぜひ原爆ドームを訪問して下さい。何かを感じ取り、平和について考えるきっかけになると思います。アジア系の観光客は少なく、欧米系の観光客が多いと感じました。
ナイトホーク へ(ё)へ from 加賀百万石都市金沢
ユネスコ世界遺産(文化遺産)に認定。日本で唯一の負の世界遺産。1945年(昭和20年)8月6日午前8時15分、第二次世界大戦・太平洋戦争でアメリカ軍が広島市に原子爆弾"リトルボーイ"を投下。3日後に長崎県長崎市に原子爆弾"ファットマン"を投下。同年8月15日、ポツダム宣言を受諾し、日本は降伏、戦争が終結した。
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