Hallasan

Hallasan is a shield volcano on Jeju Island of South Korea. Hallasan is the highest mountain of South Korea. The area around the mountain is a designated national park, the Hallasan National Park (Hallasan Gungnip Gongwon/한라산국립공원/漢拏山國立公園). Hallasan is commonly considered to be one of the three main mountains of South Korea, with Jirisan and Seoraksan being the other two.

Names

Alternate names for the mountain include Halla Mountain or Mount Halla and older English sources refer to the peak as Mount Auckland. Hallasan is written in North Korea in Hangul as if it were Hannasan (한나산); however, it is still pronounced as Hallasan. In the past, Hallasan has been known by numerous other names in Korean including Buag (부악/釜岳), Weonsan (원산/圓山), Jinsan (진산/鎭山), Seonsan (선산/仙山), Dumuag (두무악/頭無岳), Burasan (부라산/浮羅山), Yeongjusan 영주산(瀛州山), and Hyeolmangbong (혈망봉/穴望峯).

Geology and geography

Hallasan is a massive shield volcano which forms the bulk of Jeju Island and is often taken as representing the island itself. There is a local saying stating that "Jeju Island is Hallasan; and Hallasan is Jeju." The mountain can indeed be seen from all places on the island, but its peak is often covered in clouds. The mountain has been designated Korea's Natural Monument no. 182.

The volcanic island was constructed starting in the Pliocene epoch atop the continental shelf, which is presently about 100 m (300 ft) below sea level in that area. Eruptions of basalt and trachyte lava built the island above sea level, and it now reaches a height of Шаблон:Convert. A large volcanic crater over Шаблон:Convert in diameter tops the volcano. About 360 parasitic cones, or oreum (오름) in the Jeju dialect, are found on the volcano's flanks. Most of them are cinder cones and scoria cones, but there are also some lava domes and about 20 tuff rings near the coast and offshore, which were formed by underwater phreatic eruptions. The most recent eruptions occurred on the flanks in 1002 and 1007.

There is a crater lake on Hallasan called Baengnokdam (Шаблон:Lang/Шаблон:Lang), literally "white deer lake." There is a legend attributing the name of the lake to otherworldly men who descend from heaven to play with white deer. Depending on the season, the circumference of the lake is up to 2 kilometres with a depth up to about 100 metres.

Sights

The mountain is home to Gwaneumsa, the oldest Buddhist temple on the island. The temple was originally built during the Goryeo Dynasty. Like many other temples in Korea, Gwaneumsa was destroyed and rebuilt in the 20th century. There is a memorial site outside the temple, remembering the victims of the Jeju uprising that took place between 1948 and 1950. It is one of the most visited places of the island.

Trails

There are five hiking trails on Hallasan, with the Donnaeko trail being closed to the public since 1994. At this time, only the Gwaneumsa and Seongpanak trails lead to the summit. The trail to the summit from Eorimok and Yeongsil courses has also been closed off since 1994 in order to restore and protect the vegetation.

  • Gwaneumsa Trail (관음사) - 8.7 km
  • Eorimok Trail (어리목) - 4.7 km
  • Seongpanak Trail (성판악) - 9.6 km
  • Yeongsil Trail (영실) - 3.7 km
  • Donnaeko Trail (돈내코)

Gallery

See also

  • List of volcanoes in Korea

Notes

Шаблон:Reflist

References

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Tips & Hints
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Reza Riskawa
13 October 2015
If going from Seongpanak Entrance, halfway to the top there's a path to Sarahoreum Lake and observatory...beautiful and stunning (I went during autumn)
Silas Cheung
22 August 2016
Highest mountain in South Korea! Surprisingly well-established trail for adventurers to test their limits. Make sure you pack enough food and water for the hike - it's a 8-9 hour round trip.
Shinta Benilda
6 August 2013
If you plan to go up, make sure you wear lace up shoes, bring water & sunscreen, camera and empty your bladder before climbing up. There is a toilet at the top & you can buy noodle for 1,500 Won.
pieter v
29 April 2019
Three days later and still sore legs but man what an amazing hike! Start not with the short intense side but rather the longer more gradual climb from bus 181 stop
KIM K.
30 December 2014
두말할 것 없이 멋진곳! 특히 12월 맑은 날의 설경이란~~~~~ 다만 체력적으로 많은 준비 필요, 전문 등산장비 없이 산행하다가는 부상 우려 높음.
bluepencil
13 January 2019
정상은 날씨가 변화무쌍하니 좋은 풍경을 보려면 운이 좋아야 합니다. 후반부부터 급격하게 어려워지고 계단이 난무하니 조심하세요.
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