Golestan Palace

Golestān Palace (Persian: کاخ گلستان) is the former royal Qajar complex in Iran's capital city.

The oldest of the historic monuments in Tehran, the Golestan Palace (also Gulistan Palace) (The Rose Garden Palace) belongs to a group of royal buildings that were once enclosed within the mud-thatched walls of Tehran’s Historic Arg (citadel).

The Arg was built during the reign of Tahmasp I (r. 1524-1576) of the Safavid dynasty (1502-1736), and was later renovated by Karim Khan Zand (r. 1750-1779). Agha Mohamd Khan Qajar (1742-1797) chose Tehran as his capital. The Arg became the site of the Qajar (1794-1925). The Court and Golestan Palace became the official residence of the royal Qajar family. The palace was rebuilt to its current form in 1865 by Haji Abol-hasan Mimar Navai.

During the Pahlavi era (1925-1979) Golestan Palace was used for formal royal receptions and the Pahlavi dynasty built their own palace at Niavaran. The most important ceremonies held in the Palace during the Pahlavi era were the coronation of Reza Khan (r. 1925-1941) in Takht-e Marmar and the coronation of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (r. 1941-deposed 1979) in the Museum Hall.

In between 1925 and 1945 a large portion of the buildings of the palace were destroyed on the orders of Reza Shah who believed that the centuries old Qajar palace should not hinder the growth of a modern city. In the place of the old buildings modern 1950s and 1960s style commercial buildings were erected.

In its present state, Golestan Palace is the result of roughly 400 years construction and renovations. The buildings at the contemporary location each have a unique history.

windows in the Palace]]

On October 11, 2005 the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran submitted the palace to the UNESCO for inclusion into the World Heritage List in 2007.

The Kushk of Shams-ol-Emareh was built Ustad Muhammad-ali Kashi in 1867CE.

Golestan Palace is currently operated by the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran.

See also

  • Takht-e Marmar
  • Niavaran Palace Complex (website)
  • Sadabad Palace
  • Saltanat Abad Palace
  • Firouzeh Palace, (which belongs to Tehran's Zoroastrian community)
  • Soleymaniyeh Palace
  • Baharestan Palace, (where Persia's first parliament was located)
  • Morvarid Palace, Karaj, designed by the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.[1]
  • Bāgh-e Ferdows

External links

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Ma Hi
13 August 2016
Magnificent!MUST see.it has diffrent museums make sure you have time!Great Qajar historical architecture!But for this"precious piece of history"i expect much more care and appreciation from natives!
Yasaman Mahdian
29 March 2017
I loved it. It's enormous and beautiful. The mirror chamber, the gallery and the wind mansion (not sure about the name) are must see. You need at least 3-4 hours to see the place perfectly.
Sara Seyfee
7 July 2016
Beautiful architecture, a must see if you are visiting the city. Best in spring and during holidays.
shabnam sina
4 July 2019
My favorite historical place in Tehran . Must see in Tehran.
Ma Hi
13 August 2016
Phenomenal iranian mosaic art! I'm a big fan of these tile wall!
Delaram Gh
15 December 2016
If you're visiting Tehran, make sure to not miss this palace! It's absolutely gorgeous in terms of architecture (stunning tiles, mirror work, stained glass, etc.) and greenery! Don't miss it!
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