Gasherbrum II (also known as K4) is the 13th highest mountain on Earth, located on the border of Pakistan-China. Gasherbrum II is the third highest peak of the Gasherbrum massif, located in the Karakoram range of the Himalaya.
The standard route is via the SW ridge as it is relatively free
of objective hazards such as ice falls and avalanches. A typical
expedition lasts 7 to 8 weeks with climbing permits costing about
$7,500 USD for five climbers.
Gasherbrum II was first climbed on July 8, 1956 by Fritz
Moravec, Josef Larch and Hans Willenpart of an Austrian
- 1956 First ascent
- 1975 Second ascent by a French group, 19
years after the first ascent. This expedition also saw the first
death on the Gasherbrum. Three other expeditions summit including a
Polish women's team
headed by Wanda Rutkiewicz.
- 1979 A Chilean and a
succeed in the sixth and seventh ascents.
- 1982 Reinhold Messner reaches the top with two Pakistanis,
Nazir Sabir and Sher Khan.
- 1983 Jerzy Kukuczka with Wojciech Kurtyka eastern ridge ascent,
new route. Alpine style ascent without the aid of oxygen.
- 1984 Messner and Hans Kammerlander traverse Gasherbrum I and
Gasherbrum II without returning to base camp in between.
- 1984 First descent by ski by team CAF Besancon (France) lead by
Daniel Croisot, summit by Wim Pasquier and Patrice Bournat, ski
from the summit, joined by Dr Dominique Dock from 7800m, totally
skied the face down to base-camp set at 5200m. 1 month after
meeting with Messner and Kammerlander, returning from their 2
- 2005 ? number ski descent by Jørgen Aamot (Norway) and
Frederik Ericsson (Sweden)
- 2005 A six-member Turkish expedition, including two women, made
history on July 22 when its members scaled Gasherbrum-II.
- 2007 Three Italians, Karl Unterkircher, Daniele Bernasconi e
Michele Compagnoni, reach the top opening a new way on the north
face, in alpine style
- List of mountains in Pakistan
- Highest Mountains of the World