Gandzasar monastery

Gandzasar monastery (Հայերեն. Գանձասար) is an Armenian monastery situated in the Mardakert region of Nagorno-Karabakh, near the village of Vank. "Gandzasar" means treasure mountain or hilltop treasure in Armenian. The monastery holds relics believed to belong to St Zechariah, father of John the Baptist. Gandzasar was the residence of an Armenian catholicos from about 1400 to 1816, and is now the seat of the Archbishop of Artsakh. Although the monastery was damaged during an Azerbaijani bombing raid in 1991, in which the house of the Father Superior was destroyed, Gandzasar is actively functioning today as a monastery of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

History and architecture

The construction of Gandzasar began in 1216, under the patronage of the Armenian prince of Khachen, Hasan-Jalal Dawla, and it was completed in 1238 and consecrated on July 22, 1240.

The complex is protected by high walls. Within the complex is the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist (Սուրբ Յովհաննու Մկրտիչ եկեղեցի in Armenian), built between 1216 and 1238. The drum of its dome has exquisite bas-reliefs that depict the Crucifixion, Adam and Eve, and two ministers holding a model of the church above their heads as an offering to God. The bas-reliefs have been compared to the elaborate carvings of Aghtamar, and some art historians consider the monastery to represent one of the masterpieces of Armenian architecture. Anatoly L. Yakobson, a prominent Soviet medieval art historian, described Gandzasar as a "pearl of architectural art....This is a unique monument of medieval architecture and monumental sculpture, which by right ought to be regarded as an encyclopedia of 13th-century Armenian art."

Gandzasar's cathedral church shares many architectural forms with the main churches of two other Armenian monasteries also built in the mid-13th century: Hovhannavank Monastery and Harichavank Monastery.

See also

Gallery

Exterior

Notes

Шаблон:Reflist

Further reading

  • Шаблон:Ru icon Yakobson, Anatoly L. “From the History of Medieval Armenian Architecture: the Monastery of Gandzasar,” in: Studies in the History of Culture of the Peoples in the East. Moscow-Leningrad. 1960.

External links

Шаблон:Commonscat

Listed in the following categories:
Post a comment
Tips & Hints
Arrange By:
Filinski Filinski
31 August 2018
They have rooms available to sleep in
Arpiné Grigoryan
19 June 2012
One of the most beautiful Armenian monasteries...
Monik Pn
11 August 2013
mystically...cool
Load more comments
foursquare.com
6.8/10
Mger Arutyunyan and 4,085 more people have been here
Map
40°3′24″N, 46°31′52″E, 1.6km from Vǝngli Get directions

Gandzasar Monastery | Գանձասար on Foursquare

Gandzasar monastery on Facebook

Hotels nearby

See all hotels See all
Naftalan Hotel Qashalti

starting $127

Garabag Resort&Spa

starting $111

Ramada Plaza Gence

starting $71

My Way Hotel

starting $24

Vego Hotel

starting $69

Yegevnut Hotel

starting $37

Recommended sights nearby

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Kachaghakaberd

Kachaghakaberd (Armenian: Կաչաղակաբերդ) is a mountain-top fortress in

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Ջրաբերդ (ամրոց)

Джраберд (дословно: «Водная крепость», другие названия: Джермук, Чароб

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Dadivank Monastery

Dadivank Monastery (Armenian: Դադիվանք) also Khutavank (Armeni

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Askeran Fortress

Askeran fortress (Azerbaijani: Əsgəran qalası, also called Ma

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Murovdag

The Murovdag (or Murovdagh, Azerbaijani: Murovdağ) is the highest

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Тигранакерт (крепость)

Крепость Тигранакерта — крепость одного из четырех построенных

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Shahbulag Castle

Shahbulag Castle (azərbaycanca. Şahbulaq qalası 'Spring of the Sh

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Gülüstan qalası (Goranboy)

Ґюлістанська фортеця (вірм. Գյուլիստանի բերդ, азер

Similar tourist attractions

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Amaras Monastery

Amaras Monastery (Հայերեն. Ամարաս վանք) is one of the oldest Christian

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Dadivank Monastery

Dadivank Monastery (Armenian: Դադիվանք) also Khutavank (Armeni

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Armenian Cathedral, Lviv

The Armenian Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Cathedral of Ani

The Cathedral of Ani (Armenian: Սուրբ Աստուածածին Եկեղեցի, or The

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Церковь Святого Саркиса (Воронеж)

Армянская церковь Сурб Саргис (Սբ. Սարգիս եկեղեցի) – церковь Н

See all similar places