Castles in Hillerod

Frederiksborg Palace

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Frederiksborg castle is a castle in Hillerød, Denmark. It was built as a royal residence for King Christian IV, and is now known as The Museum of National History. The current building replaced a previous castle erected by Frederick II, and is the largest Renaissance palace in Scandinavia. The palace is located on three small islands in the middle of Palace Lake, (Danish, Slotsø), and is adjoined by a large, baroque formal garden.


The oldest parts of the castle date back to 1560, and were built by King Frederick II, after whom the palace is named.

Most of the current palace, however, was built from 1602 to 1620 by Christian IV using Dutch architects, Hans and Lorents van Steenwinckel, and follows the Dutch style favoured by Christian IV for his new buildings in Copenhagen.

After Christian IV's death in 1648, the palace was used mainly for ceremonial events, primarily the anointing and crowning of the Absolute Monarchs in the palace church. The following Danish kings and queens were crowned here:

  • 1671: Christian V and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
  • 1700: Frederick IV and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
  • 1721: Anna Sophia, consort of Frederick IV
  • 1731: Christian VI and Sophia Magdalena of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
  • 1747: Frederick V and Louise of Great Britain
  • 1752: Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, consort of Frederick V
  • 1815: Frederick VI and Marie of Hesse-Kassel
  • 1840: Christian VIII and Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein

Since 1693 the church has also been used as Knight's Chapel for the Order of the Elephant and the Order of the Dannebrog.

The palace was also used to house the royal family's art collection; as a result, it came to be regarded as a national monument.

In 1720, the Treaty of Frederiksborg was signed here.

In 1850s, the palace was again used as a residence by King Frederick VII. During the night of December 16-17, 1859, while he was in residence, a fire destroyed a large part of the main palace's interior. Reconstruction was funded by public subscription, with large contributions from the King, state and the prominent philanthropist J. C. Jacobsen of Carlsberg Brewery, who also provided funds to establish the The Museum of National History [1] that now occupies Frederiksborg. A large collection of notable paintings by the Danish painter Carl Heinrich Bloch are in the palace. Commissioned for the palace, these paintings largely depict the life of Jesus Christ.

Prince Joachim and Princess Alexandra (now Countess of Frederiksborg) were married in the Palace Church.

The Palace Church

The church, also known as the Chapel of Orders, serves as a local church today, and is a part of the museum on the premises. The coats-of-arms of recipients of the country's royal orders, the Order of the Elephant and the Order of the Dannebrog, are displayed on the walls of the church.

The Museum of national History

The museum houses the country's most important collection of portraits and history paintings.

The Countess of Frederiksborg

Alexandra Christina Manley title Grevinde af Frederiksborg (Countess of Frederiksborg) refers to her marriage to Prince Joachim of Denmark in Frederiksborg Palace Church. This title was bestowed upon her April 16, 2005 by Queen Margrethe II eight days after the royal couple became officially divorced.

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Carola Wüst
27 April 2016
If you walk there from the station, you will have and excellent view over the lake. The great garden bhind the castle is also worth a wlak.
Yarn Lam
17 February 2019
The collection that showcases 700 years of Danish history is well-curated. Marvellous to look at and the castle is a feast for the eyes.
10 July 2020
Lots of history in a great scenery, very much worth a visit under all weather conditions. They have some Corona restrictions on walkways but are generally open.
Melina Brøndholt
16 January 2016
Amazing garden and castle, great for a photo tour. Watch out for the crazy bikers!!
Jon Haugen
23 November 2012
In summertime, take a boat trip on the lake to see the castle from every angle. By the way, I got married in the church inside the castle.
Coco Brk
15 February 2015
Worth visiting when in Copenhagen! Also the garden during spring and summer season are fantastic!
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0.1km from Møntportvejen, 3400 Hillerod, Denmark

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Mon-Sun 10:00 AM–5:00 PM

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