Forts in Ferragudo

Fort of São João do Arade

205 people have been here
3.5/10

The Fort of São João do Arade (Portuguese: Forte de São João do Arade, sometimes called the Castelo [= Castle] de São João do Arade, or simply the Castelo do Arade) is located in the Algarve in the town and civil parish/freguesia of Ferragudo, in the municipality/concelho of Lagoa, in Portugal.

Map location:

Situated in a dominant position at the mouth of the Rio Arade, the elevated site divides two beaches: the Praia da Angrinha and the Praia Grande. Together with the Forte de Santa Catarina, on the water front of Portimão, the fort defends the estuary and the river itself.

History

Antecedents

The first fortification on the site consisted of a watch tower erected in the reign of King John II of Portugal (1481-1495). Later, when the settlement of Ferragudo was established (1520), it is believed that it was encircled with a defensive wall, built on top of the ruins of older ones dated from the time of the watch tower.

The seventeenth-century fort

According to a report of Alexandre Massai, the battlements already existed in 1621, since he refers to “um sítio cercado chamado Ferragudo” (“a walled site called Ferragudo”) (Descripção do Reino do Algarve..., 1621).

About 1643, with a view to defending the estuary even before the settlement existed, an artillery bulwark was erected downstream on a rocky height. The effect of the elements (the sea and time), and especially a violent storm in 1669, caused severe damage to the bulwark.

After repairs the fortifications were inspected in 1754 by the Governor of the Kingdom of the Algarve, D. Rodrigo António de Noronha e Meneses, and they were considered to be in perfect condition. At that time there were two batteries of artillery:

  • the “Lower Battery” with three pieces of artillery;
  • the “Upper Battery” with four pieces.

In the following year there was severe damage from the 1755 Earthquake, even to the foundations. In 1765 a new inspection reported that since all of its buildings were in ruins, 80 mil-reis were spent for reconstruction.

The 19th century and later

After the Concession (or Convention) of Évora Monte, the fort fell into disuse and was declassified in 1896. Later it was sold at a public auction for de 600 mil-reis.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, as a private estate, the poet Coelho Carvalho undertook extensive renovations to create a residence reflecting his personal taste. Still in private hands, it has been classified as a historic building by the Instituto Português do Património Arquitectónico (IPPAR) since 1975.

The site is well preserved, with a large walled garden stretching from Praia da Angrinha to Praia Grande. It includes a large residence. As well, parts of the fortifications, on various levels, are still intact.

External links

Categories:
Post a comment
Tips & Hints
Arrange By:
There are no tips nor hints for Fort of São João do Arade yet. Maybe be you will be the first one to post useful information for fellow travellers? :)
Location
Map
Address

Rua Doutor Coelho de Carvalho 8, 8400 Ferragudo, Portugal

Get directions
References

Praia do Castelo on Foursquare

Fort of São João do Arade on Facebook

Hotels nearby

See all hotels See all
Hotel Casabela

starting $261

Tivoli Marina de Portimao Hotel

starting $171

2 Bed Apt on Luxury Resort With Pool, Nr Carvoeiro

starting $0

Vila Castelo Parque

starting $98

Vitor's Village

starting $91

Casa Marinha - Vitor's Village

starting $0

Recommended sights nearby

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Praia da Angrinha, Ferragudo
Portugal

Praia da Angrinha (English: Angrinha Beach) is situated along the wide

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Fort of Santa Catarina (Portimão)
Portugal

The Fort of Santa Catarina (also known as the Fort of Santa Catarina

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Praia da Rocha
Portugal

Praia da Rocha (English: 'Rock Beach') is the beach and built up area

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Fort of Santa Catarina
Portugal

The Fort of Santa Catarina (in Portuguese: Forte de Santa Catarina,

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Faro de Alfanzina
Portugal

Faro de Alfanzina (Português: Farol de Alfanzina) is a tourist

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Farol da Ponta do Altar
Portugal

Farol da Ponta do Altar is a tourist attraction, one of the

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Fort of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação (Carvoeiro)
Portugal

The Fort of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação (português. Forte de Nossa Se

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Castle of Alvor
Portugal

The Castle of Alvor is a medieval castle in the civil parish of Alvor,

Similar tourist attractions

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Kazan Kremlin
Russia

The Kazan Kremlin (русский. Казанский Кремль; татарча/tatarça. Каза

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Fort of São Miguel Arcanjo
Portugal

The Fort of São Miguel Arcanjo (St. Michael the Archangel) is

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Fort San Cristóbal (Puerto Rico)
Puerto Rico

Castillo de San Cristóbal is the largest fortification built by the

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Poznań Fortress
Poland

Poznań Fortress, known in German as Festung Posen (Polish: Twierdza

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
San Juan National Historic Site
Puerto Rico

San Juan National Historic Site in San Juan, Puerto Rico, includes

See all similar places