Forts in Marseille

Fort Saint-Jean (Marseille)

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Fort Saint-Jean is a fortification in Marseille, built in 1660 by Louis XIV at the entrance to the Old Port. Fort Saint-Nicolas was constructed at the same time on the opposite side of the harbour. Commenting on their construction, Louis XIV said, "We noticed that the inhabitants of Marseille were extremely fond of nice fortresses. We wanted to have our own at the entrance to this great port." In fact, the two new forts were built in response to a local uprising against the governor, rather than for the defence of the city: their cannons pointed inwards towards the town, not outwards towards the sea.

Two earlier buildings were incorporated into the structure of the fort: the twelfth century Commandry of the Knights Hospitaller of St John of Jerusalem, which served as a monastic hospice during the crusades; and the fifteenth century tower of René I, King of Provence.

During the French Revolution the fort was used as a prison, holding Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, and two of his sons, Louis-Charles, Count of Beaujolais, and Antoine Philippe, Duke of Montpensier.

During the years when the French Foreign Legion served almost entirely in Africa (C19th to mid-1960s), the Fort was a final stop-off point for recruits destined for basic training in Algeria.

Notes

References

  • Duchêne, Roger; Contrucci, Jean (2004), Marseille, 2600 ans d'histoire, Editions Fayard, ISBN 2-213-60197-6 
  • Jacoby, David (2007), "Hospitaller Ships and Transportation across the Mediterranean", The Hospitallers, the Mediterranean and Europe, ed. Karl Borchardt, Nikolas Jaspert and Helen J. Nicholson (Ashgate): 57–72, ISBN 0754662756 , a chapter on the role of Marseille in Hospitaller shipping
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Pierre Gianolio
4 November 2014
Très belle vue de ce beau monument relié par une passerelle au MuCEM.
Katerina
24 August 2013
Самый лучший вид на эту часть Марселя, а в ясную погоду на его большую часть)
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0.1km from Passerelle Parvis-St Jean, 13002 Marseille, France

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Tue Noon–2:00 PM
Wed-Fri 11:00 AM–7:00 PM
Sat 11:00 AM–8:00 PM
Sun 11:00 AM–6:00 PM
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