Forts in Kronshtadt

Fort Alexander (St. Petersburg)

Nadya Popova and 433 more people have been here
6.7/10

Fort Alexander (later nicknamed the "Plague Fort") is a fortress on an artificial island in the Gulf of Finland near St. Petersburg and Kronstadt. It was constructed in 1838-45 and was commissioned on July 27, 1845 by Russian Emperor Nikolai I. It was designed and administered by engineer-colonel Fan der Veide. It guarded the southern waterway to St. Petersburg in combination with forts Peter I, Risbank and Kronschlot. The fort measures 90 meters by 60 meters, with four fighting levels. There were 103 cannon ports and an additional 34 guns could be mounted on the roof.

By the 1860s the fort had lost its military value and was being used for ammunition storage. It was struck from the military register in 1896. On 26 January 1897 the St. Petersburg Institute of Experimental Medicine took over the fort and established a laboratory there to research the plague, with veterinary doctor M. G. Tartakovsky its first director. Work was hazardous and there were outbreaks of plague among the human staff in 1904 and 1907, with the facility finally being closed in 1917 and the fort being returned to the Navy.

The fort was stripped of its fixtures and abandoned in 1983. Some restoration work was begun in 2005 when the fort was leased by a commercial firm.

Categories:
Post a comment
Tips & Hints
Arrange By:
Oleg c-t-cat
5 August 2013
Это был типичный казематированный морской форт того времени. На него похож известный форт Байяр у Западного побережья Франции, строительство которого завершилось позже «Александра I».
Robert R. S.
4 September 2012
Кстати... С 1897 года в нём находилась противочумная лаборатория. Отсюда и пошло второе название Форта Императора Александра I - Чумной.
Load more comments
foursquare.com
Location
Map
Address

1.6km from Koltsevaya Avtomobilnaya Doroga, Russia

Get directions
Open hours
Mon-Sun 12:01 AM–12:59 PM
References

Форт «Император Александр I» (Чумной) on Foursquare

Fort Alexander (St. Petersburg) on Facebook

Hotels nearby

See all hotels See all
New Peterhof Hotel

starting $82

Staraya Melnitsa Holiday Park

starting $55

Grand Peterhof Spa Hotel

starting $87

Samson Hotel

starting $57

AppartKonkururenT

starting $78

Repinskaya Hotel

starting $29

Recommended sights nearby

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Форт «Великий Князь Константин»
Russia

Форт «Великий Князь Константин» is a tourist attraction located

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Saint Petersburg Dam
Russia

The Saint Petersburg Flood Prevention Facility Complex (Russian:

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Monumento a Stepán Makárov
Russia

Monumento a Stepán Makárov is a tourist attraction located in K

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt
Russia

The Naval cathedral of Saint Nicholas in Kronstadt is a Russian

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Южная дамба (Комплекс защитных сооружений Санкт-Петербурга от наводнений)
Russia

Южная дамба (Комплекс защитных сооружений Санкт-Петербур

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Форт «Риф»
Russia

Форт «Риф» is a tourist attraction located in Kronshtadt, Russia

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Oranienbaum, Russia
Russia

Oranienbaum (Russian: Ораниенба́ум) is a Russian royal residence,

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Собор Архангела Михаила (Ломоносов)
Russia

Собор Архангела Михаила (Ломоносов) is a tourist attraction located in

Similar tourist attractions

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Kazan Kremlin
Russia

The Kazan Kremlin (русский. Казанский Кремль; татарча/tatarça. Каза

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Fort of São Miguel Arcanjo
Portugal

The Fort of São Miguel Arcanjo (St. Michael the Archangel) is

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Fort San Cristóbal (Puerto Rico)
Puerto Rico

Castillo de San Cristóbal is the largest fortification built by the

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Poznań Fortress
Poland

Poznań Fortress, known in German as Festung Posen (Polish: Twierdza

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
San Juan National Historic Site
Puerto Rico

San Juan National Historic Site in San Juan, Puerto Rico, includes

See all similar places