Mesoamerican sites in Tajín

El Tajín

7,450 people have been here
7.7/10

El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archaeological site in the northern Gulf Coast of Mexico region. It was the major site of the Classic Veracruz culture and one of the largest cities in Mesoamerica during the Classic era. It is located in the state of Veracruz, Mexico with some 81% of the declared archaeological zone (Шаблон:Lang) lying within the territory of the modern-day municipality (municipio) of Papantla. The remainder of the archaeological zone falls in the municipality of Coatzintla (some 16%), with a small portion (approximately 3%) extending into Poza Rica.

Tajín means city or place of thunder in the Totonac language, and is believed to have been one of the names for the Totonac god of thunder, lightning and rain.

History of El Tajín

.]] Construction of ceremonial buildings at El Tajín began about the 1st century and peaked in the Late Classic era, roughly 600 - 900 CE. Early Classic Tajín shows influence of Teotihuacan; early Post-classic shows considerable Toltec influence. Construction continued to about the start of the 13th century, at which time, according to tradition, the city was conquered and burned by Chichimec invaders. The site continued to be occupied after this by a smaller population, but no new large construction projects were initiated. The site had been completely abandoned when Spanish conquistadors arrived in the early 16th century.

In 1785 engineer Diego Ruiz visited the site, then overgrown with vegetation, and published the first description of it. In the early 19th century it was visited by Guillermo Dupaix, Alexander von Humboldt, and Carlos Nebel, who published additional accounts. The first archaeological excavation of the site was made by Jose Garcia Payon from 1943 through 1963. The Mexican Institute of Anthropology & History has made additional restoration to buildings at the site since the 1980s.

Monuments

, Madrid)]] The ceremonial center of the site is covers only about 1 km square, but there are mostly unexcavated remains of subsidiary buildings extending for a considerable distance beyond.

The ceremonial center has number of temple-pyramids, palaces, and several courts for playing the Mesoamerican ballgame.

The site's most famous building is the Pyramid of the Niches. The step pyramid of 6 terraces is some 60 feet high. While only medium as Mesoamerican pyramids go, the ornamented architecture creates a striking and visually pleasing effect. The terraces are of well cut stone forming a series of 365 niches. A staircase rises up the pyramid's east side. Originally the pyramid was topped by a temple, but little remains of this.

A number of the buildings have carved reliefs on them, and the site also has some free standing stone stelae. Many of the sculptures depict the ritual ballgame and ritual bloodletting by the elite.

The site is now a tourist destination, and has a moderate sized museum.

See also

  • List of Mesoamerican pyramids

External Links

Notes

Шаблон:Reflist

References

Шаблон:Ref indent

Шаблон:Cite book
Post a comment
Tips & Hints
Arrange By:
judith alejandra
5 February 2018
Hermoso recorrido mucho que ver todo tan verde y recomiendo los deliciosos raspados que venden al entrar
Pablo Víctor
29 November 2013
Bellísimo e imponente lugar
Sara S
3 August 2013
La riqueza del Totonacapan.
Griss
25 July 2013
Con tenis y manga larga, mucha agua y algún snack para el cansancio
Load more comments
foursquare.com
Location
Map
Address

1.3km from Mexico 127, De Xico, Poza Rica de Hidalgo, Veracruz, Mexico

Get directions
References

El Tajin on Foursquare

El Tajín on Facebook

Hotels nearby

See all hotels See all
Hotel Poza Rica Inn

starting $52

Hotel Victoria Poza Rica

starting $44

Paris FC Hotel

starting $46

Hotel Tajin

starting $22

Hotel Santander

starting $28

Best Western Hotel Poza Rica

starting $52

Recommended sights nearby

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Castillo de Teayo (Mesoamerican site)

Castillo de Teayo is a mesoamerican Prehispanic archeological site and

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
San Carlos Fortress

The San Carlos Fortress (in Spanish: Fortaleza de San Carlos) is an

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Cantona (Mesoamerican site)

Cantona is a Mesoamerican archaeological site in Mexico. It is located

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Xalapa Cathedral

Xalapa Cathedral or in full, Catedral Metropolitana de la Immaculada

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Cascada de Texolo

Cascada de Texolo is a waterfall of eastern Mexico. It is located

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Cempoala

Cempoala (or Zempoala) was an important Mesoamerican city. It was the

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt

The Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (Eje Volcánico Transversal) also

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Pico de Orizaba

The Pico de Orizaba, or Citlaltépetl (from Nahuatl citlal(in) = star,

Similar tourist attractions

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan is an enormous archaeological site in the Basin of Mexico,

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Monte Albán

Monte Albán is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site in the

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Xochicalco

Xochicalco ('sho-chee-cal-co' Шаблон:IPA) is a pre-Columbian archa

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Cuicuilco

Cuicuilco was an ancient city in the central Mexican highlands, on the

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Yagul

Yagul is an archaeological site and former city-state associated with

See all similar places