Buddhist temples in Hiraizumi

Chūson-ji

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Chūson-ji (中尊寺)is a Buddhist temple in Hiraizumi, Iwate Prefecture Japan. It is the head temple of the Tendai sect in Tōhoku (northeastern Japan). The Tendai sect claims that the temple was founded in 850 by Ennin, the third chief abbot of the sect, but most scholars believe that Chūson-ji was founded by Fujiwara no Kiyohira in about 1100. There is no archaeological or historical record of Buddhist activity in this area before 1100.

The Konjiki-dō (金色堂) or 'Golden Hall' is a mausoleum containing the mummified remains of the leaders of the Northern Fujiwara clan who ruled much of northern Japan in the 12th century. It is one of two buildings that survive from the original Chūson-ji temple complex, the other being a sutra repository.

The Konjiki-dō is one of the most beautiful and elaborately decorated buildings in the world. It is made of wood entirely covered with gold leaf decorated with imported mother-of-pearl. It was carefully restored from 1962 to 1968 by a team of specialists. It is a square building measuring five-and-a-half meters on each side and eight meters tall. The interior of the building contains three altars, one for each of the first three Fujiwara lords. Originally there were 33 sculptures inside the temple, eleven on each altar, but now one is missing. Each altar had a seated Amida surrounded by standing Kannon and Seishi, six Jizō and two Niten statues. One Niten figure is missing.

The mummies were last examined in 1950. It is assumed that the mummy of Fujiwara no Kiyohira was placed under the central altar. Fujiwara no Motohira's remains were identified as he is known to have died of a cerebral hemorrhage. His mummy was found under the northwest altar. Fujiwara no Hidehira's remains were found under the southwest altar next to a casket containing the head of his son Fujiwara no Yasuhira who was beheaded in 1189.

The Konjiki-dō formerly sat outdoors in the open air. Later a wooden building was built around it to protect it from the elements. Now it sits in a concrete building behind thick acrylic glass and is only visible from the front.

See also

  • List of Special Places of Scenic Beauty, Special Historic Sites and Special Natural Monuments
  • List of National Treasures of Japan (paintings)
  • List of National Treasures of Japan (sculptures)
  • List of National Treasures of Japan (writings)
  • List of National Treasures of Japan (crafts-others)
  • For an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhist art, and Japanese Buddhist temple architecture, see the Glossary of Japanese Buddhism.

External links

Coordinates: (Kojikido)

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Tips & Hints
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Aldona
14 August 2016
There's a trail here through the woods from the Motsuji Temple. It's a nice walk but full of bear warnings. I wouldn't risk taking it again. Seriously, just google 'Japan bear attacks' and you'll see.
life is blues
7 February 2017
『中尊寺』の入口。中尊寺は850年に開かれ、のちの12世紀はじめに奥州藤原氏初代清衡公により大規模な造営が行われたそうです。清衡公は東北地方で続いた戦乱(前九年・後三年合戦)で亡くなった霊を敵味方別けなく慰め、「みちのく」といわれ辺境とされた東北地方に仏の教えによる平和な理想社会を建設するために中尊寺を建立したといわれています。
Massara Nati …
14 September 2016
【世界文化遺産】...「平泉―仏国土(浄土)を表す建築・庭園及び考古学的遺跡群―」の構成資産の一つ。また境内は「中尊寺境内」として国の特別史跡に指定されています。
Aslan
21 September 2018
中にある茅葺屋根のお休み処の甘酒が美味しいです。縁側からの眺めがよく、ゆっくりできます
showhey
10 April 2016
天台宗 東北大本山 関山 中尊寺 創建:(伝) 嘉祥3年(850年) 開山:(伝) 円仁(慈覚大師) 御本尊:釈迦如来
????
2 August 2020
秘仏 一字金輪佛頂尊ご開帳 2016年6月29日~11月6日まで
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Japan, 〒029-4102 Iwate-ken, Nishiiwai-gun, Hiraizumi-chō, Hiraizumi, Koromonoseki−78, 金色堂

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Open hours
Mon 9:00 AM–4:00 PM
Tue 10:00 AM–5:00 PM
Wed 9:00 AM–4:00 PM
Thu 10:00 AM–4:00 PM
Fri 9:00 AM–4:00 PM
Sat 9:00 AM–5:00 PM
References

Chuson-ji Temple on Foursquare

Chūson-ji on Facebook

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