Church of Santa Engrácia

The Church of Santa Engrácia (português. Igreja de Santa Engrácia, Шаблон:IPA-pt) is a 17th-century monument of the city of Lisbon, in Portugal. In the 20th century the church has been converted into the National Pantheon (Panteão Nacional, Шаблон:IPA-pt), in which important Portuguese personalities are buried. It is located in the neighbourhood of Alfama, close to another important Lisbon monument, the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora.

History

The current building of the Church of Santa Engrácia substituted previous churches dedicated to a martyr of the city of Braga, Saint Engrácia. The first church dedicated to the Saint was sponsored by Princess Maria, daughter of King Manuel I, around 1568. In 1681, building of the current church began after previous structures collapsed. The author of the new design was João Antunes, royal architect and one of the most important baroque architects of Portugal.

Building work proceeded from 1682 through 1712, when the architect died. King John V lost interest in the church, concentrating his resources in the gigantic Convent of Mafra. The church was left unfinished until the 20th century, so that Obras de Santa Engrácia (lit. Saint Engrácia's works) has become a Portuguese synonym for long unfinished works. Eventually a dome was added, whereupon the church was reinaugurated in 1966.

Architecture

João Antunes prepared an ingenious design for Santa Engrácia, never before attempted in Portugal. The church has a centralised floorplan, with a Greek cross shape. On each corner there is a square tower (the pinnacles were never completed), and the façades are ondulated like in the baroque designs of Borromini. The main façade has an entrance hall (galilee) and three niches with statues. The entrance to the church is done through a beautiful baroque portal with the coat-of-arms of Portugal held by two angels. The Church has a high central dome which was completed only in the 20th century.

The harmonious interior of the church is dominated by the curved spaces of the central crossing and naves. The floor and walls are decorated with baroque, polychromed patterns of marble. The magnificent 18th-century baroque organ was brought from Lisbon Cathedral.

National Pantheon

In 1916, during the First Portuguese Republic, the Church of Santa Engrácia was turned into a National Pantheon, although it was completed only in 1966, during the government of the Dictator António de Oliveira Salazar.

The personalities buried here include the Presidents of the Republic Manuel de Arriaga, Teófilo Braga, Sidónio Pais and Óscar Carmona, Presidential candidate Humberto Delgado, writers João de Deus, Almeida Garrett, Guerra Junqueiro and Aquilino Ribeiro and fado singer Amália Rodrigues. There are cenotaphs to Luís de Camões, Pedro Álvares Cabral, Afonso de Albuquerque, Nuno Álvares Pereira, Vasco da Gama and Henry the Navigator.

References

Шаблон:Commons

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Abraham Lara
6 April 2015
Obligatory stop in your visit to Lisbon with one of the best panoramic views on the city. Try to go before midday when the sun is still in the east to have the best picture.
Rafał Sakowicz
20 May 2019
Huge terrace on the top with great View! Not so crowded to, so U can enjoy and relax in silence:))
Andrew Dodd
16 November 2013
Play this game. Start at the coffins, look up and walk towards the centre. Keep looking up the whole time! Stop when all the circles above you are centred. Now look down: did you hit the bullseye?
Suéli Galvão
15 October 2014
Edifício magnífico por dentro e por fora. Túmulos de algumas das figuras mais importantes da história nacional. Para aqueles com fôlego e sem medo de alturas, vale a pena ir ao topo e apreciar a vista
Carolina Candido
8 March 2018
Vale a pena visitar e depois se perder pelas lindas ruas que levam até a praça do comércio.
Antonio RM
7 August 2013
Una visita que de verdad merece la pena. Las vistas desde la cúpula son impresionantes tanto del interior del edificio como de toda la ciudad. No recomendable para personas con vértigo.
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Campo Santa Clara 15, 1100-471 Lisbon, Portugal Get directions
Mon-Thu 10:00 AM–4:45 PM

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