Castles in Carcassonne

Castle of Carcassonne

8.9/10

Medieval Carcassonne castle is a fortified town rather than a castle - and perhaps the most impressive fortified medieval town to be found in Europe. Which is ironic, because in the middle of the 19th century it was in such bad repair that it became scheduled for demolition, to be saved by the efforts of the local mayor, who called in the new 'historic monuments' department to take a look.

The city was saved, the well known architect Eugene Viollet-le-Duc took the renovation project in hand, and the rest, as they say, is history.

Due to its position on historical routes across France the location has been occupied for more than 5,000 years, and was an important centre from 2,500 years ago onwards. It was first fortified by the Romans, and given the name Carcaso. After the Romans were driven out Cracassonne fell in the hands of various of the invading tribes, and became more fortified and developed, especially after falling into the hands of the powerful Viscount Trencavel.

Later, as we enter the 13th century, the Albigensian Crusade under Simon de Montfort attacked and seized this cathar stronghold, and again more fortifications were added, sufficient to keep Edward the Black Prince out of Carcassonne during the Hundred Years War.

Subsequently the location and town gained strategic importance from being on the frontier between France and Spain. This became less important after 1659 when the Treaty of the Pyrenees passed the town and region definitively to France - hence from the 17th century onwards the need for a defended city passed and Carcassonne became an important regional town.

Carcassonne reached its low point at the middle of the 19th century, when a century of abandon had made it perilously dangerous and the government demanded it be demolished. The buildings within the city were inhabited but in very poor condition. The efforts of the mayor and the ancient monuments inspector had this decision overturned and the restoration of the town began shortly afterwards.

The restoration is criticised because it ignored, to some extent, local traditions - for example local roofs were never steeply sloping or covered with slates - but those with less concern for such technicalities believe the result is exceptional, if inaccurate.

Carcassonne consists of a lower, external defensive wall surrounding a higher wall with many towers, which itself encloses the ancient town. In the town, in addition to the streets of medieval dwellings, are a cathedral and a chateau. There is also a museum that explains the impact and story of the Albigensian crusade.

Categories:
Post a comment
Tips & Hints
Arrange By:
Eric M
1 October 2012
Have a cold Stella @ Le Trouvere. Great service and scenery.
Vadim A
22 November 2013
История этих мест начинается до нашей эры с первобытной стоянки на месте замка. Затем галлы, римляне, мавры, крестоносцы и еще куча разных эпох. Посетить обязательно.
Load more comments
foursquare.com
Location
Map
Address

13-19 Rue de la Porte d'Aude, 11000 Carcassonne, France

Get directions
Open hours
Fri 11:00 AM–9:00 PM
Sat-Sun 10:00 AM–9:00 PM
Mon 10:00 AM–7:00 PM
Tue 11:00 AM–6:00 PM
Wed 11:00 AM–7:00 PM
References

Cité de Carcassonne on Foursquare

Castle of Carcassonne on Facebook

Hotels nearby

See all hotels See all
Le Terminus Carcassonne

starting $105

Hôtel Bristol

starting $52

Hotel Montsegur

starting $115

Hôtel Central

starting $54

Au Royal Hotel

starting $66

Hotel Astoria

starting $57

Recommended sights nearby

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Arboretum de Villardebelle
France

The Arboretum de Villardebelle (6 hectares) is an arboretum

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Montagne Noire
France

The Montagne Noire (lit. 'Black Mountains') is a mountain range in

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Canal du Midi
France

The Шаблон:Lang is a Шаблон:Convert long canal in Southern France (fra

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Château de Gaussan
France

The Château de Gaussan is a castle, much altered in the 19th century,

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Château de Termes
France

The Château de Termes is a ruined castle near the village of Termes

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Villa Bethania
France

The Villa Bethania was constructed between 1901-1902 as part of the

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Château des Ducs de Joyeuse
France

The Château des Ducs de Joyeuse is a castle in the commune of Couiza

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Répudre Aqueduct
France

The Répudre Aqueduct (français. pont-canal de Répudre) is the first aq

Similar tourist attractions

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Neuschwanstein Castle
Germany

Neuschwanstein Castle (German: Schloss Neuschwanstein, pronounced ])

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Prague Castle
Czech Republic

Prague Castle (Pražský hrad, former Austrian: Prager Burg) is a c

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Castel Sant'Angelo
Italy

The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as the Castel Sant'Angelo, is

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Frederiksborg Palace
Denmark

Frederiksborg castle is a castle in Hillerød, Denmark. It was built

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape
Czech Republic

The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape (also Lednice-Valtice Area or

See all similar places