Castles in Shimo-toyoura

Azuchi Castle

Nadya Popova and 4,551 more people have been here
7.7/10

Шаблон:Nihongo was one of the primary castles of Oda Nobunaga. It was built from 1576 to 1579, on the shores of Lake Biwa, in Ōmi Province. Nobunaga intentionally built it close enough to Kyoto that he could watch over and guard the approaches to the capital, but, being outside the city, his fortress would be immune to the fires and conflicts that occasionally consumed the capital. This location was also quite strategically advantageous, in managing the communications and transportation routes between his greatest foes - the Uesugi clan to the north, Takeda clan in the east, and Mōri clan to the west.

.]] Unlike earlier castles and fortresses, Azuchi was not intended to be solely a military structure, cold, dark, and foreboding. Nobunaga intended it as a lavish mansion, which would impress and intimidate his rivals, not only with its defenses, but with its lavish apartments and decorations, and flourishing town and religious life. The keep, called Tenshukaku, rather than being the center of the castle's defences, was a seven-story building containing audience halls, private chambers, offices, and a treasury, as though it were a royal palace. In addition to being one of the first Japanese castles with a tower keep, Azuchi was unique in that its uppermost story was octagonal. In addition, the facade of Azuchi, unlike the solid white or black of other castles, was colorfully decorated with tigers and dragons.

There were five main militaristic features of Azuchi Castle that differentiated it from earlier castle designs. Firstly, it was a massive structure, with the walls of the castle ranging from 18 feet to 21 feet in thickness. The second feature of Azuchi Castle is the predominant use of stone. The walls were constructed from huge granite stones fitted carefully together without the use of mortar. A third innovation of the Azuchi Castle was the high central tower, or donjon. The tower allowed for increased visibility for the use of guns against an opposing force. Builder’s plans for the castle show the donjon to be 138 feet tall, with seven levels. Fourthly, Azuchi Castle had irregularly formed inner citadels. These inner citadels gave defenders ample defensive positions against intruders. The location of Azuchi Castle was also a novel feature. Whereas most Japanese castles found the most advantegous position was at the base of mountain surrounded by dense vegetation (which would allow cover for an enemy), Azuchi Castle was built on a plain to give a wide view of an approaching enemy.

Nobunaga desired a full castle town, and built well-defended homes for his generals, a Jōdo-shu Buddhist temple called Jōgon-in, and a number of homes for commoners a short distance away on the shore of the lake. However, he had trouble convincing people to move into these homes at first. In the summer of 1577, he issued a municipal charter, guaranteeing residents immunity from taxes, building or transport levies, and moratoria, and forced all travelers on the Nakasendō highway to stop in the town overnight for lodging, thus bringing business to his town's innkeepers. By 1582, the town's inhabitants numbered roughly 5,000.

In addition to welcoming many of Nobunaga's powerful political guests, such as Tokugawa Ieyasu and Niwa Nagahide, Azuchi castle also hosted an event in 1579 which has come to be known as the Azuchi religious debate (安土宗論, Azuchi shūron), taking place between leaders of the Nichiren and Jōdo sects of Buddhism.

In the summer of 1582, just after Nobunaga's death at Honnōji, the castle was attacked by the forces of Akechi Mitsuhide, Nobunaga's betrayer. The castle was set aflame, though some accounts claim this might have been the work of looting townspeople, or of one of Nobunaga's sons. Akechi, therefore, never managed to occupy the castle.

The Azuchi-Momoyama Period of Japanese history takes its name, in part, from this castle. All that remains of the castle today is the stone base. However, a reproduction of Azuchi, based on illustrations and historical descriptions, stands in Ise Sengoku Village, a samurai theme park near Ise. In addition, a full-scale replica of the top floors of the donjon is on display at the Nobunaga no Yakata Museum near the original castle ruins.

Contemporary Media

In the Samurai Warriors/Warriors Orochi franchise, Azuchi Castle was termed by Naoe Kanetsugu as "one of the most impregnable and powerful castle" in the Sengoku Period though as he metaphorically termed the castle to have "lack of justice" due to being controlled by Oda Nobunaga

References

  • Elison, George and Smith, Bardwell L. (eds) (1987). "Warlords, Artist, & Commoners." Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii.
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2003). "Japanese Castles 1540-1640." Oxford: Osprey Publishing.

Шаблон:Reflist

Literature

External links

Шаблон:Commonscat-inline

Categories:
Post a comment
Tips & Hints
Arrange By:
K B
24 March 2019
An unbelievable ¥700 to walk up the hill to see the view and ruins. An eye watering ¥1200 if you want to see the small temple too. I’d suggest ¥500 for both as a more appropriate fee.
koryu m
4 April 2017
土地を所有する摠見寺が「拝観料」の名目で入城料を徴収し始めたのが2006年9月(当初500円、2017/4現在700円)。大手道のみを入口とするために、百々橋口の登山道を封鎖した。自由に散策できたかつての安土山が良かった。
Load more comments
foursquare.com
Location
Map
Address

0.3km from 6210 Azuchicho Shimotoira, Omihachiman, Shiga Prefecture, Japan

Get directions
Open hours
Fri 10:00 AM–6:00 PM
Sat 9:00 AM–7:00 PM
Sun 9:00 AM–5:00 PM
Mon 10:00 AM–5:00 PM
Tue 11:00 AM–5:00 PM
Wed 9:00 AM–5:00 PM
References

安土城跡 on Foursquare

Azuchi Castle on Facebook

Hotels nearby

See all hotels See all
Hotel New Omi

starting $87

Ohmihachiman Station Hotel

starting $57

Green Hotel Yes Omihachiman

starting $86

Comfort Inn Omihachiman

starting $0

Best Inn Omihachiman

starting $61

Machiya Inn

starting $145

Recommended sights nearby

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Hikone Castle

Hikone Castle (彦根城, Hikone-jō) is the most famous historical site i

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Lake Biwa

, formerly known as Ōmi Шаблон:Nihongo Lake, is the largest freshw

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Minakuchi Castle

Minakuchi Castle (水口城, Minakuchi-jō), also known as Hekisui Castle

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Hiyoshi Taisha

The Hiyoshi Taisha shrineШаблон:Nihongo is a Shinto shrine locat

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Enryaku-ji

is a Tendai monastery located on Mount Hiei in Ōtsu, overlooking

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Mount Kurama

Mount Kurama (鞍馬山) is a mountain to the north-west of the city of Ky

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Ginkaku-ji

Ginkaku-ji (銀閣寺, Ginkaku-ji), the 'Temple of the Silver Pavil

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Philosopher's Walk

The Шаблон:Nihongo is a pedestrian path that follows a cherr

Similar tourist attractions

See all See all
Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Neuschwanstein Castle

Neuschwanstein Castle (German: Schloss Neuschwanstein, pronounced ])

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Prague Castle

Prague Castle (Pražský hrad, former Austrian: Prager Burg) is a c

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Castel Sant'Angelo

The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as the Castel Sant'Angelo, is

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Frederiksborg Palace

Frederiksborg castle is a castle in Hillerød, Denmark. It was built

Add to wishlist
I've been here
Visited
Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape

The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape (also Lednice-Valtice Area or

See all similar places